<chord>

Module
MEI.shared
Attributes
altsym, artic, artic.ges, beam, breaksec, class, cluster, color, copyof, corresp, cue, dots, dots.ges, dur, dur.ges, dur.metrical, dur.ppq, dur.real, dur.recip, enclose, facs, fermata, follows, fontfam, fontname, fontsize, fontstyle, fontweight, glyph.auth, glyph.name, glyph.num, glyph.uri, grace, grace.time, ho, instr, label, layer, lv, n, next, ornam, precedes, prev, resp, sameas, slur, staff, stem.dir, stem.form, stem.len, stem.mod, stem.pos, stem.sameas, stem.visible, stem.with, stem.x, stem.y, syl, synch, tie, to, tstamp, tstamp.ges, tstamp.real, tuplet, type, visible, when, x, xml:base, xml:id, y
altsym(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a user-defined symbol. It must contain a reference to an ID of a symbolDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
artic(optional)Encodes the written articulation(s). Articulations are normally encoded in order from the note head outward; that is, away from the stem. See additional notes at att.vis.note. Only articulations should be encoded in the artic attribute; for example, fingerings should be encoded using the fing element. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
artic.ges(optional)Records performed articulation that differs from the written value. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
beam(optional)Indicates that this event is "under a beam". One or more values from data.BEAM, separated by spaces.
breaksec(optional)Presence of this attribute indicates that the secondary beam should be broken following this note/chord. The value of the attribute records the number of beams which should remain unbroken. Value is a positive integer.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
cluster(optional)Indicates a single, alternative note head should be displayed instead of individual note heads. The highest and lowest notes of the chord usually indicate the upper and lower boundaries of the cluster note head. Value conforms to data.CLUSTER.
color(optional)Used to indicate visual appearance. Do not confuse this with the musical term 'color' as used in pre-CMN notation. Value conforms to data.COLOR.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
cue(optional) Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
dots(optional)Records the number of augmentation dots required by a written dotted duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur(optional)Records the duration of a feature using the relative durational values provided by the data.DURATION datatype. Value conforms to data.DURATION.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
enclose(optional)Records the characters often used to mark accidentals, articulations, and sometimes notes as having a cautionary or editorial function. For an example of cautionary accidentals enclosed in parentheses, see Read, p. 131, ex. 9-14. Value conforms to data.ENCLOSURE.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
fermata(optional)Indicates the attachment of a fermata to this element. If visual information about the fermata needs to be recorded, then a fermata element should be employed instead. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.basic.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
fontfam(optional)Contains the name of a font-family. Value conforms to data.FONTFAMILY.
fontname(optional)Holds the name of a font. Value conforms to data.FONTNAME.
fontsize(optional)Indicates the size of a font expressed in printers' points, i.e., 1/72nd of an inch, relative terms, e.g., "small", "larger", etc., or percentage values relative to "normal" size, e.g., "125%". Value conforms to data.FONTSIZE.
fontstyle(optional)Records the style of a font, i.e, italic, oblique, or normal. Value conforms to data.FONTSTYLE.
fontweight(optional)Used to indicate bold type. Value conforms to data.FONTWEIGHT.
glyph.auth(optional)A name or label associated with the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Allowed values are: "smufl" (Standard Music Font Layout.)
glyph.name(optional)Glyph name. Value is plain text.
glyph.num(optional)Numeric glyph reference in hexadecimal notation, e.g. "#xE000" or "U+E000". N.B. SMuFL version 1.18 uses the range U+E000 - U+ECBF. Value conforms to data.HEXNUM.
glyph.uri(optional)The web-accessible location of the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Value conforms to data.URI.
grace(optional)Marks a note or chord as a "grace" (without a definite performed duration) and records from which other note/chord it should "steal" time. Value conforms to data.GRACE.
grace.time(optional)Records the amount of time to be "stolen" from a non-grace note/chord. Value conforms to data.PERCENT.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
instr(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a MIDI instrument definition. It must contain the ID of an instrDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
lv(optional)Indicates the attachment of an l.v. (laissez vibrer) sign to this element. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
ornam(optional)Indicates that this element has an attached ornament. If visual information about the ornament is needed, then one of the elements that represents an ornament (mordent, trill, or turn) should be employed. One or more values from data.ORNAM.cmn, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
slur(optional)Indicates that this element participates in a slur. If visual information about the slur needs to be recorded, then a slur element should be employed. One or more values from data.SLUR, separated by spaces.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
stem.dir(optional)Describes the direction of a stem. Value conforms to data.STEMDIRECTION.
stem.form(optional)Records the form of the stem. Value conforms to data.STEMFORM.mensural.
stem.len(optional)Encodes the stem length. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTABS.
stem.mod(optional)Encodes any stem "modifiers"; that is, symbols rendered on the stem, such as tremolo or Sprechstimme indicators. Value conforms to data.STEMMODIFIER.
stem.pos(optional)Records the position of the stem in relation to the note head(s). Value conforms to data.STEMPOSITION.
stem.sameas(optional)Points to a note element in a different layer whose stem is shared. The linked notes should be rendered like a chord though they are part of different layers. Value conforms to data.URI.
stem.visible(optional)Determines whether a stem should be displayed. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
stem.with(optional)Contains an indication of which staff a note or chord that logically belongs to the current staff should be visually placed on; that is, the one above or the one below. Value conforms to data.OTHERSTAFF.
stem.x(optional)Records the output x coordinate of the stem's attachment point. Value is a decimal number.
stem.y(optional)Records the output y coordinate of the stem's attachment point. Value is a decimal number.
syl(optional)Holds an associated sung text syllable. Value is plain text.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
tie(optional)Indicates that this element participates in a tie. If visual information about the tie needs to be recorded, then a tie element should be employed. One or more values from data.TIE, separated by spaces.
to(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of musical time; that is, beats. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
tuplet(optional)Indicates that this feature participates in a tuplet. If visual information about the tuplet needs to be recorded, then a tuplet element should be employed. One or more values from data.TUPLET, separated by spaces.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
visible(optional)Indicates if a feature should be rendered when the notation is presented graphically or sounded when it is presented in an aural form. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
(MEI.shared) Attributes common to many elements.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that form the basis of the att.common class.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that uniquely identify an element.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
(MEI.shared)
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that specify element-to-element relationships.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes used to supply a number-like designation for an element.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
(MEI.shared) Attributes capturing information regarding responsibility for some aspect of the text's creation, transcription, editing, or encoding.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.facsimile) Attributes that associate a feature corresponding with all or part of an image.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Logical domain attributes for chord. The artic, dots, and dur attributes encode the written articulations, augmentation dots, and duration values. The beam, fermata, lv, slur, syl, tie, and tuplet attributes may be used to indicate the attachment of these things to this chord. If visual information about these things needs to be recorded, then either the elements corresponding to these attributes or the attributes available in the att.vis.chord class should be employed.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for capturing the written signs that describe the method of performance.
artic(optional)Encodes the written articulation(s). Articulations are normally encoded in order from the note head outward; that is, away from the stem. See additional notes at att.vis.note. Only articulations should be encoded in the artic attribute; for example, fingerings should be encoded using the fing element. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that record the number of dots of augmentation.
dots(optional)Records the number of augmentation dots required by a written dotted duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
(MEI.cmn) Logical domain attributes in the CMN repertoire.
(MEI.cmn) Attributes that mark a note or chord as a "grace", how it should "steal" time, and how much time should be allotted to the grace note/chord.
grace(optional)Marks a note or chord as a "grace" (without a definite performed duration) and records from which other note/chord it should "steal" time. Value conforms to data.GRACE.
grace.time(optional)Records the amount of time to be "stolen" from a non-grace note/chord. Value conforms to data.PERCENT.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that describe "cue-ness".
cue(optional) Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that express duration in musical terms.
dur(optional)Records the duration of a feature using the relative durational values provided by the data.DURATION datatype. Value conforms to data.DURATION.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that apply to all written events, e.g., note, chord, rest, etc.
(MEI.performance) Temporal alignment attributes.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify the layer to which a feature applies.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for identifying the staff associated with the current feature.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record a performed (as opposed to notated) time stamp.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that record a time stamp in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part].
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that hold associated sung text syllables.
syl(optional)Holds an associated sung text syllable. Value is plain text.
(MEI.visual) Visual domain attributes for chord. The slur, slur.dir, slur.rend, tie, tie.dir, and tie.rend attributes here are syntactic sugar for these attributes on each of the chord's individual notes. The values here apply to all the notes in the chord. If some notes are slurred or tied while others aren't, then the individual note attributes must be used.
cluster(optional)Indicates a single, alternative note head should be displayed instead of individual note heads. The highest and lowest notes of the chord usually indicate the upper and lower boundaries of the cluster note head. Value conforms to data.CLUSTER.
(MEI.usersymbols) Attributes supplying pointers to user-defined symbols.
altsym(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a user-defined symbol. It must contain a reference to an ID of a symbolDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Visual color attributes.
color(optional)Used to indicate visual appearance. Do not confuse this with the musical term 'color' as used in pre-CMN notation. Value conforms to data.COLOR.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that capture characters used to enclose symbols having a cautionary or editorial function.
enclose(optional)Records the characters often used to mark accidentals, articulations, and sometimes notes as having a cautionary or editorial function. For an example of cautionary accidentals enclosed in parentheses, see Read, p. 131, ex. 9-14. Value conforms to data.ENCLOSURE.
(MEI.externalsymbols) Attributes used to associate MEI features with corresponding glyphs in an externally-defined standard such as SMuFL.
glyph.auth(optional)A name or label associated with the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Allowed values are: "smufl" (Standard Music Font Layout.)
glyph.name(optional)Glyph name. Value is plain text.
glyph.num(optional)Numeric glyph reference in hexadecimal notation, e.g. "#xE000" or "U+E000". N.B. SMuFL version 1.18 uses the range U+E000 - U+ECBF. Value conforms to data.HEXNUM.
glyph.uri(optional)The web-accessible location of the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that describe the properties of stemmed features; that is, chords and notes.
stem.dir(optional)Describes the direction of a stem. Value conforms to data.STEMDIRECTION.
stem.len(optional)Encodes the stem length. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTABS.
stem.mod(optional)Encodes any stem "modifiers"; that is, symbols rendered on the stem, such as tremolo or Sprechstimme indicators. Value conforms to data.STEMMODIFIER.
stem.pos(optional)Records the position of the stem in relation to the note head(s). Value conforms to data.STEMPOSITION.
stem.sameas(optional)Points to a note element in a different layer whose stem is shared. The linked notes should be rendered like a chord though they are part of different layers. Value conforms to data.URI.
stem.visible(optional)Determines whether a stem should be displayed. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
stem.x(optional)Records the output x coordinate of the stem's attachment point. Value is a decimal number.
stem.y(optional)Records the output y coordinate of the stem's attachment point. Value is a decimal number.
(MEI.cmn) Attributes that describe the properties of stemmed features; that is, chords and notes.
stem.with(optional)Contains an indication of which staff a note or chord that logically belongs to the current staff should be visually placed on; that is, the one above or the one below. Value conforms to data.OTHERSTAFF.
(MEI.mensural) Attributes that describe the properties of stemmed features specific to mensural repertoires.
stem.form(optional)Records the form of the stem. Value conforms to data.STEMFORM.mensural.
(MEI.shared) Typographical attributes.
fontfam(optional)Contains the name of a font-family. Value conforms to data.FONTFAMILY.
fontname(optional)Holds the name of a font. Value conforms to data.FONTNAME.
fontsize(optional)Indicates the size of a font expressed in printers' points, i.e., 1/72nd of an inch, relative terms, e.g., "small", "larger", etc., or percentage values relative to "normal" size, e.g., "125%". Value conforms to data.FONTSIZE.
fontstyle(optional)Records the style of a font, i.e, italic, oblique, or normal. Value conforms to data.FONTSTYLE.
fontweight(optional)Used to indicate bold type. Value conforms to data.FONTWEIGHT.
(MEI.shared) Attributes describing whether a feature should be displayed.
visible(optional)Indicates if a feature should be rendered when the notation is presented graphically or sounded when it is presented in an aural form. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset attributes.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset attributes specified in terms of time.
to(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of musical time; that is, beats. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
(MEI.shared) Output coordinate attributes. Some elements may have their exact rendered *output* coordinates recorded. x and y attributes indicate where to place the rendered output. Recording the coordinates of a feature in a facsimile requires the use of the facs attribute.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
(MEI.cmn) Visual domain attributes for chord. The slur, slur.dir, slur.rend, tie, tie.dir, and tie.rend attributes here are "syntactic sugar" for these attributes on each of the chord's individual notes. The values here apply to all the notes in the chord. If some notes are slurred or tied while others aren't, then the individual note attributes must be used.
(MEI.cmn) Attributes that capture information about secondary beaming.
breaksec(optional)Presence of this attribute indicates that the secondary beam should be broken following this note/chord. The value of the attribute records the number of beams which should remain unbroken. Value is a positive integer.
(MEI.gestural) Gestural domain attributes.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes describing the method of performance.
artic.ges(optional)Records performed articulation that differs from the written value. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record performed duration that differs from a feature's written duration.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
(MEI.midi) Attributes which identify a MIDI instrument.
instr(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a MIDI instrument definition. It must contain the ID of an instrDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.cmn) Gestural domain attributes for CMN features.
(MEI.analytical) Analytical domain attributes.
(MEI.cmn) Analytical domain attributes in the CMN repertoire.
(MEI.cmn) Attributes that indicate whether an event lies under a beam.
beam(optional)Indicates that this event is "under a beam". One or more values from data.BEAM, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes indicating the attachment of a fermata to the feature.
fermata(optional)Indicates the attachment of a fermata to this element. If visual information about the fermata needs to be recorded, then a fermata element should be employed instead. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.basic.
(MEI.cmn) Attributes that indicate the presence of an l.v. (laissez vibrer) marking attached to a feature. If visual information about the lv sign needs to be recorded, then an element should be employed.
lv(optional)Indicates the attachment of an l.v. (laissez vibrer) sign to this element. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
(MEI.cmnOrnaments) Attributes for marking the presence of an ornament.
ornam(optional)Indicates that this element has an attached ornament. If visual information about the ornament is needed, then one of the elements that represents an ornament (mordent, trill, or turn) should be employed. One or more values from data.ORNAM.cmn, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for marking the presence of a slur.
slur(optional)Indicates that this element participates in a slur. If visual information about the slur needs to be recorded, then a slur element should be employed. One or more values from data.SLUR, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that indicate the presence of a tie.
tie(optional)Indicates that this element participates in a tie. If visual information about the tie needs to be recorded, then a tie element should be employed. One or more values from data.TIE, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for indicating the presence of a tuplet.
tuplet(optional)Indicates that this feature participates in a tuplet. If visual information about the tuplet needs to be recorded, then a tuplet element should be employed. One or more values from data.TUPLET, separated by spaces.
Common Music Notation (CMN) repertoire component declarations.
beam(optional)Indicates that this event is "under a beam". One or more values from data.BEAM, separated by spaces.
breaksec(optional)Presence of this attribute indicates that the secondary beam should be broken following this note/chord. The value of the attribute records the number of beams which should remain unbroken. Value is a positive integer.
grace(optional)Marks a note or chord as a "grace" (without a definite performed duration) and records from which other note/chord it should "steal" time. Value conforms to data.GRACE.
grace.time(optional)Records the amount of time to be "stolen" from a non-grace note/chord. Value conforms to data.PERCENT.
lv(optional)Indicates the attachment of an l.v. (laissez vibrer) sign to this element. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
stem.with(optional)Contains an indication of which staff a note or chord that logically belongs to the current staff should be visually placed on; that is, the one above or the one below. Value conforms to data.OTHERSTAFF.
CMN ornament component declarations.
ornam(optional)Indicates that this element has an attached ornament. If visual information about the ornament is needed, then one of the elements that represents an ornament (mordent, trill, or turn) should be employed. One or more values from data.ORNAM.cmn, separated by spaces.
External symbols component declarations.
glyph.auth(optional)A name or label associated with the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Allowed values are: "smufl" (Standard Music Font Layout.)
glyph.name(optional)Glyph name. Value is plain text.
glyph.num(optional)Numeric glyph reference in hexadecimal notation, e.g. "#xE000" or "U+E000". N.B. SMuFL version 1.18 uses the range U+E000 - U+ECBF. Value conforms to data.HEXNUM.
glyph.uri(optional)The web-accessible location of the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Value conforms to data.URI.
Facsimile component declarations.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
Gestural component declarations.
artic.ges(optional)Records performed articulation that differs from the written value. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
Mensural repertoire component declarations.
stem.form(optional)Records the form of the stem. Value conforms to data.STEMFORM.mensural.
MIDI component declarations.
instr(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a MIDI instrument definition. It must contain the ID of an instrDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Performance component declarations.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
artic(optional)Encodes the written articulation(s). Articulations are normally encoded in order from the note head outward; that is, away from the stem. See additional notes at att.vis.note. Only articulations should be encoded in the artic attribute; for example, fingerings should be encoded using the fing element. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
color(optional)Used to indicate visual appearance. Do not confuse this with the musical term 'color' as used in pre-CMN notation. Value conforms to data.COLOR.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
cue(optional) Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
dots(optional)Records the number of augmentation dots required by a written dotted duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur(optional)Records the duration of a feature using the relative durational values provided by the data.DURATION datatype. Value conforms to data.DURATION.
enclose(optional)Records the characters often used to mark accidentals, articulations, and sometimes notes as having a cautionary or editorial function. For an example of cautionary accidentals enclosed in parentheses, see Read, p. 131, ex. 9-14. Value conforms to data.ENCLOSURE.
fermata(optional)Indicates the attachment of a fermata to this element. If visual information about the fermata needs to be recorded, then a fermata element should be employed instead. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.basic.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
fontfam(optional)Contains the name of a font-family. Value conforms to data.FONTFAMILY.
fontname(optional)Holds the name of a font. Value conforms to data.FONTNAME.
fontsize(optional)Indicates the size of a font expressed in printers' points, i.e., 1/72nd of an inch, relative terms, e.g., "small", "larger", etc., or percentage values relative to "normal" size, e.g., "125%". Value conforms to data.FONTSIZE.
fontstyle(optional)Records the style of a font, i.e, italic, oblique, or normal. Value conforms to data.FONTSTYLE.
fontweight(optional)Used to indicate bold type. Value conforms to data.FONTWEIGHT.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
slur(optional)Indicates that this element participates in a slur. If visual information about the slur needs to be recorded, then a slur element should be employed. One or more values from data.SLUR, separated by spaces.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
stem.dir(optional)Describes the direction of a stem. Value conforms to data.STEMDIRECTION.
stem.len(optional)Encodes the stem length. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTABS.
stem.mod(optional)Encodes any stem "modifiers"; that is, symbols rendered on the stem, such as tremolo or Sprechstimme indicators. Value conforms to data.STEMMODIFIER.
stem.pos(optional)Records the position of the stem in relation to the note head(s). Value conforms to data.STEMPOSITION.
stem.sameas(optional)Points to a note element in a different layer whose stem is shared. The linked notes should be rendered like a chord though they are part of different layers. Value conforms to data.URI.
stem.visible(optional)Determines whether a stem should be displayed. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
stem.x(optional)Records the output x coordinate of the stem's attachment point. Value is a decimal number.
stem.y(optional)Records the output y coordinate of the stem's attachment point. Value is a decimal number.
syl(optional)Holds an associated sung text syllable. Value is plain text.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
tie(optional)Indicates that this element participates in a tie. If visual information about the tie needs to be recorded, then a tie element should be employed. One or more values from data.TIE, separated by spaces.
to(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of musical time; that is, beats. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tuplet(optional)Indicates that this feature participates in a tuplet. If visual information about the tuplet needs to be recorded, then a tuplet element should be employed. One or more values from data.TUPLET, separated by spaces.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
visible(optional)Indicates if a feature should be rendered when the notation is presented graphically or sounded when it is presented in an aural form. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
User-defined symbols component declarations.
altsym(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a user-defined symbol. It must contain a reference to an ID of a symbolDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Visual component declarations.
cluster(optional)Indicates a single, alternative note head should be displayed instead of individual note heads. The highest and lowest notes of the chord usually indicate the upper and lower boundaries of the cluster note head. Value conforms to data.CLUSTER.
Member of
model.eventLikeGroups event elements that occur in all notational repertoires.
Contained By
bTrem(bowed tremolo) – A rapid alternation on a single pitch or chord.
fTrem(fingered tremolo) – A rapid alternation between a pair of notes (or chords or perhaps between a note and a chord) that are (usually) farther apart than a major second.
(MEI.shared) Groups event elements that occur in all notational repertoires.
beamA container for a series of explicitly beamed events that begins and ends entirely within a measure.
graceGrpA container for a sequence of grace notes.
ligatureA mensural notation symbol that combines two or more notes into a single sign.
tupletA group of notes with "irregular" (sometimes called "irrational") rhythmic values, for example, three notes in the time normally occupied by two or nine in the time of five.
(MEI.neumes) Groups elements that may appear as part of the content of a syllable.
syllableNeume notation can be thought of as "neumed text". Therefore, the syllable element provides high-level organization in this repertoire.
(MEI.shared) Groups notated events that may appear at the layer level in all repertoires.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
layerAn independent stream of events on a staff.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
oLayer(ossia layer) – A layer that contains an alternative to material in another layer.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Common Music Notation (CMN) repertoire component declarations.
bTrem(bowed tremolo) – A rapid alternation on a single pitch or chord.
beamA container for a series of explicitly beamed events that begins and ends entirely within a measure.
fTrem(fingered tremolo) – A rapid alternation between a pair of notes (or chords or perhaps between a note and a chord) that are (usually) farther apart than a major second.
graceGrpA container for a sequence of grace notes.
oLayer(ossia layer) – A layer that contains an alternative to material in another layer.
tupletA group of notes with "irregular" (sometimes called "irrational") rhythmic values, for example, three notes in the time normally occupied by two or nine in the time of five.
Critical apparatus component declarations.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Mensural repertoire component declarations.
ligatureA mensural notation symbol that combines two or more notes into a single sign.
Neume repertoire component declarations.
syllableNeume notation can be thought of as "neumed text". Therefore, the syllable element provides high-level organization in this repertoire.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
layerAn independent stream of events on a staff.
May Contain
(MEI.critapp) Groups elements that contain a critical apparatus entry.
app(apparatus) – Contains one or more alternative encodings.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements for editorial interventions that may be useful both in transcribing and in authoring processes.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
(MEI.lyrics) Groups elements that contain a lyric verse.
refrainRecurring lyrics, especially at the end of each verse or stanza of a poem or song lyrics; a chorus.
verseDivision of a poem or song lyrics, sometimes having a fixed length, meter or rhyme scheme; a stanza.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that may appear as part of the content of a chord element.
artic(articulation) – An indication of how to play a note or chord.
noteA single pitched event.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that contain a lyric syllable.
syl(syllable) – Individual lyric syllable.
Critical apparatus component declarations.
app(apparatus) – Contains one or more alternative encodings.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Lyrics component declarations.
refrainRecurring lyrics, especially at the end of each verse or stanza of a poem or song lyrics; a chorus.
verseDivision of a poem or song lyrics, sometimes having a fixed length, meter or rhyme scheme; a stanza.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
artic(articulation) – An indication of how to play a note or chord.
noteA single pitched event.
syl(syllable) – Individual lyric syllable.
Declaration
<elementSpec ident="chord" module="MEI.shared">
<desc>A simultaneous sounding of two or more notes in the same layer *with the same duration*.</desc>
<classes>
<memberOf key="att.common"/>
<memberOf key="att.facsimile"/>
<memberOf key="att.chord.log"/>
<memberOf key="att.chord.vis"/>
<memberOf key="att.chord.ges"/>
<memberOf key="att.chord.anl"/>
<memberOf key="model.eventLike"/>
</classes>
<content>
<rng:zeroOrMore>
<rng:choice>
<rng:ref name="model.chordPart"/>
<rng:ref name="model.appLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.editLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.sylLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.transcriptionLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.verseLike"/>
</rng:choice>
</rng:zeroOrMore>
</content>
</elementSpec>