<nc>

Sign representing a single pitched event, although the exact pitch may not be known.
Module
MEI.neumes
Attributes
accid.ges, altsym, angled, artic.ges, class, color, con, copyof, corresp, curve, deg, dots.ges, dur.ges, dur.metrical, dur.ppq, dur.real, dur.recip, facs, follows, fontfam, fontname, fontsize, fontstyle, fontweight, glyph.auth, glyph.name, glyph.num, glyph.uri, ho, hooked, instr, intm, label, layer, ligated, loc, mfunc, n, next, oct, oct.ges, pclass, pname, pname.ges, pnum, precedes, prev, psolfa, rellen, resp, s-shape, sameas, staff, synch, tilt, type, vel, visible, when, x, xml:base, xml:id, y
accid.ges(optional)Records the performed pitch inflection. Value conforms to data.ACCIDENTAL.GESTURAL.
altsym(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a user-defined symbol. It must contain a reference to an ID of a symbolDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
angled(optional) Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
artic.ges(optional)Records performed articulation that differs from the written value. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
color(optional)Used to indicate visual appearance. Do not confuse this with the musical term 'color' as used in pre-CMN notation. Value conforms to data.COLOR.
con(optional)Connection to the previous component within the same neume; this attribute should not be used for the first component of a neume. Allowed values are: "g" (Gapped; not connected.), "l" (Looped.), "e" (Extended.)
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
curve(optional)Records direction of curvature. Allowed values are: "a" (Anti-clockwise curvature.), "c" (Clockwise curvature.)
deg(optional)Captures scale degree information using Humdrum **deg syntax -- an optional indicator of melodic approach (^ = ascending approach, v = descending approach), a scale degree value (1 = tonic ... 7 = leading tone), and an optional indication of chromatic alteration, "1", "v7", "^1", or "v5+", for example. The amount of chromatic alternation is not indicated. Value conforms to data.SCALEDEGREE.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
fontfam(optional)Contains the name of a font-family. Value conforms to data.FONTFAMILY.
fontname(optional)Holds the name of a font. Value conforms to data.FONTNAME.
fontsize(optional)Indicates the size of a font expressed in printers' points, i.e., 1/72nd of an inch, relative terms, e.g., "small", "larger", etc., or percentage values relative to "normal" size, e.g., "125%". Value conforms to data.FONTSIZE.
fontstyle(optional)Records the style of a font, i.e, italic, oblique, or normal. Value conforms to data.FONTSTYLE.
fontweight(optional)Used to indicate bold type. Value conforms to data.FONTWEIGHT.
glyph.auth(optional)A name or label associated with the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Allowed values are: "smufl" (Standard Music Font Layout.)
glyph.name(optional)Glyph name. Value is plain text.
glyph.num(optional)Numeric glyph reference in hexadecimal notation, e.g. "#xE000" or "U+E000". N.B. SMuFL version 1.18 uses the range U+E000 - U+ECBF. Value conforms to data.HEXNUM.
glyph.uri(optional)The web-accessible location of the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Value conforms to data.URI.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
hooked(optional)Pen stroke has an extension; specific to Hispanic notation. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
instr(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a MIDI instrument definition. It must contain the ID of an instrDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
intm(optional)Encodes the melodic interval from the previous pitch. The value may be a general directional indication (u, d, s, etc.), an indication of diatonic interval direction, quality, and size, or a precise numeric value in half steps. Value conforms to data.INTERVAL.MELODIC.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
ligated(optional)Indicates participation in a ligature. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
loc(optional)Holds the staff location of the feature. Value conforms to data.STAFFLOC.
mfunc(optional)Describes melodic function using Humdrum **embel syntax. Value conforms to data.MELODICFUNCTION.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
oct(optional)Captures written octave information. Value must either conform to a non-negative integer no larger than 9 or a string matching the following regular expression: "unknown" .
oct.ges(optional)Records performed octave information that differs from the written value. Value conforms to data.OCTAVE.
pclass(optional)Holds pitch class information. Value conforms to data.PITCHCLASS.
pname(optional)Contains a written pitch name. Value is a token.
pname.ges(optional)Contains a performed pitch name that differs from the written value. Value conforms to data.PITCHNAME.GES.
pnum(optional)Holds a pitch-to-number mapping, a base-40 or MIDI note number, for example. Value conforms to data.PITCHNUMBER.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
psolfa(optional)Contains sol-fa designation, e.g., do, re, mi, etc., in either a fixed or movable Do system. Value is a NMTOKEN.
rellen(optional)Length of the pen stroke relative to the previous component within the same neume; this attribute should not be used for the first component of a neume. Allowed values are: "l" (Longer.), "s" (Shorter.)
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
s-shape(optional)Direction of the initial direction for an s-shaped pen stroke; i.e., "w" for the standard letter S, "e" for its mirror image, "s" for the letter S turned 90-degrees anti-clockwise, and "n" for its mirror image. Value conforms to data.COMPASSDIRECTION.basic.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
tilt(optional)Direction of the pen stroke. Value conforms to data.COMPASSDIRECTION.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. Allowed values are: "apostropha" , "bistropha" , "climacus" , "clivis" , "oriscus" , "pes" , "pessubpunctis" , "porrectus" , "porrectusflexus" , "pressusmaior" , "pressusmaior" , "pressusminor" , "pressusminor" , "punctum" , "quilisma" , "scandicus" , "strophicus" , "torculus" , "torculusresupinus" , "tristropha" , "virga" , "virgastrata"
vel(optional)MIDI Note-on/off velocity. Value conforms to data.MIDIVALUE.
visible(optional)Indicates if a feature should be rendered when the notation is presented graphically or sounded when it is presented in an aural form. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. Allowed values are: "apostropha" , "bistropha" , "climacus" , "clivis" , "oriscus" , "pes" , "pessubpunctis" , "porrectus" , "porrectusflexus" , "pressusmaior" , "pressusmaior" , "pressusminor" , "pressusminor" , "punctum" , "quilisma" , "scandicus" , "strophicus" , "torculus" , "torculusresupinus" , "tristropha" , "virga" , "virgastrata"
(MEI.shared) Attributes that form the basis of the att.common class.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that uniquely identify an element.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.facsimile) Attributes that associate a feature corresponding with all or part of an image.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared)
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that specify element-to-element relationships.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes used to supply a number-like designation for an element.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
(MEI.shared) Attributes capturing information regarding responsibility for some aspect of the text's creation, transcription, editing, or encoding.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.analytical) Analytical domain attributes.
(MEI.analytical) Attributes describing the harmonic function of a single pitch.
deg(optional)Captures scale degree information using Humdrum **deg syntax -- an optional indicator of melodic approach (^ = ascending approach, v = descending approach), a scale degree value (1 = tonic ... 7 = leading tone), and an optional indication of chromatic alteration, "1", "v7", "^1", or "v5+", for example. The amount of chromatic alternation is not indicated. Value conforms to data.SCALEDEGREE.
(MEI.analytical) Attributes that provide for description of intervallic content.
intm(optional)Encodes the melodic interval from the previous pitch. The value may be a general directional indication (u, d, s, etc.), an indication of diatonic interval direction, quality, and size, or a precise numeric value in half steps. Value conforms to data.INTERVAL.MELODIC.
(MEI.analytical) Attributes describing melodic function.
mfunc(optional)Describes melodic function using Humdrum **embel syntax. Value conforms to data.MELODICFUNCTION.
(MEI.analytical) Attributes that describe pitch class.
pclass(optional)Holds pitch class information. Value conforms to data.PITCHCLASS.
(MEI.analytical) Attributes that specify pitch using sol-fa.
psolfa(optional)Contains sol-fa designation, e.g., do, re, mi, etc., in either a fixed or movable Do system. Value is a NMTOKEN.
(MEI.gestural) Gestural domain attributes.
oct.ges(optional)Records performed octave information that differs from the written value. Value conforms to data.OCTAVE.
pname.ges(optional)Contains a performed pitch name that differs from the written value. Value conforms to data.PITCHNAME.GES.
pnum(optional)Holds a pitch-to-number mapping, a base-40 or MIDI note number, for example. Value conforms to data.PITCHNUMBER.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes for capturing momentary pitch inflection in the gestural domain.
accid.ges(optional)Records the performed pitch inflection. Value conforms to data.ACCIDENTAL.GESTURAL.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes describing the method of performance.
artic.ges(optional)Records performed articulation that differs from the written value. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record performed duration that differs from a feature's written duration.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
(MEI.midi) Attributes which identify a MIDI instrument.
instr(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a MIDI instrument definition. It must contain the ID of an instrDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.midi) MIDI attributes pertaining to key velocity.
vel(optional)MIDI Note-on/off velocity. Value conforms to data.MIDIVALUE.
(MEI.neumes) Logical domain attributes.
oct(optional)Captures written octave information. Value must either conform to a non-negative integer no larger than 9 or a string matching the following regular expression: "unknown" .
pname(optional)Contains a written pitch name. Value is a token.
(MEI.performance) Temporal alignment attributes.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify the layer to which a feature applies.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for identifying the staff associated with the current feature.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.visual) Visual domain attributes.
(MEI.usersymbols) Attributes supplying pointers to user-defined symbols.
altsym(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a user-defined symbol. It must contain a reference to an ID of a symbolDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Visual color attributes.
color(optional)Used to indicate visual appearance. Do not confuse this with the musical term 'color' as used in pre-CMN notation. Value conforms to data.COLOR.
(MEI.externalsymbols) Attributes used to associate MEI features with corresponding glyphs in an externally-defined standard such as SMuFL.
glyph.auth(optional)A name or label associated with the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Allowed values are: "smufl" (Standard Music Font Layout.)
glyph.name(optional)Glyph name. Value is plain text.
glyph.num(optional)Numeric glyph reference in hexadecimal notation, e.g. "#xE000" or "U+E000". N.B. SMuFL version 1.18 uses the range U+E000 - U+ECBF. Value conforms to data.HEXNUM.
glyph.uri(optional)The web-accessible location of the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.neumes) Attributes that record visual details of neume notation.
angled(optional) Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
con(optional)Connection to the previous component within the same neume; this attribute should not be used for the first component of a neume. Allowed values are: "g" (Gapped; not connected.), "l" (Looped.), "e" (Extended.)
curve(optional)Records direction of curvature. Allowed values are: "a" (Anti-clockwise curvature.), "c" (Clockwise curvature.)
hooked(optional)Pen stroke has an extension; specific to Hispanic notation. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
ligated(optional)Indicates participation in a ligature. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
rellen(optional)Length of the pen stroke relative to the previous component within the same neume; this attribute should not be used for the first component of a neume. Allowed values are: "l" (Longer.), "s" (Shorter.)
s-shape(optional)Direction of the initial direction for an s-shaped pen stroke; i.e., "w" for the standard letter S, "e" for its mirror image, "s" for the letter S turned 90-degrees anti-clockwise, and "n" for its mirror image. Value conforms to data.COMPASSDIRECTION.basic.
tilt(optional)Direction of the pen stroke. Value conforms to data.COMPASSDIRECTION.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify location on a staff in terms of lines and spaces.
loc(optional)Holds the staff location of the feature. Value conforms to data.STAFFLOC.
(MEI.shared) Typographical attributes.
fontfam(optional)Contains the name of a font-family. Value conforms to data.FONTFAMILY.
fontname(optional)Holds the name of a font. Value conforms to data.FONTNAME.
fontsize(optional)Indicates the size of a font expressed in printers' points, i.e., 1/72nd of an inch, relative terms, e.g., "small", "larger", etc., or percentage values relative to "normal" size, e.g., "125%". Value conforms to data.FONTSIZE.
fontstyle(optional)Records the style of a font, i.e, italic, oblique, or normal. Value conforms to data.FONTSTYLE.
fontweight(optional)Used to indicate bold type. Value conforms to data.FONTWEIGHT.
(MEI.shared) Attributes describing whether a feature should be displayed.
visible(optional)Indicates if a feature should be rendered when the notation is presented graphically or sounded when it is presented in an aural form. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset attributes.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
(MEI.shared) Output coordinate attributes. Some elements may have their exact rendered *output* coordinates recorded. x and y attributes indicate where to place the rendered output. Recording the coordinates of a feature in a facsimile requires the use of the facs attribute.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
Analytical component declarations.
deg(optional)Captures scale degree information using Humdrum **deg syntax -- an optional indicator of melodic approach (^ = ascending approach, v = descending approach), a scale degree value (1 = tonic ... 7 = leading tone), and an optional indication of chromatic alteration, "1", "v7", "^1", or "v5+", for example. The amount of chromatic alternation is not indicated. Value conforms to data.SCALEDEGREE.
intm(optional)Encodes the melodic interval from the previous pitch. The value may be a general directional indication (u, d, s, etc.), an indication of diatonic interval direction, quality, and size, or a precise numeric value in half steps. Value conforms to data.INTERVAL.MELODIC.
mfunc(optional)Describes melodic function using Humdrum **embel syntax. Value conforms to data.MELODICFUNCTION.
pclass(optional)Holds pitch class information. Value conforms to data.PITCHCLASS.
psolfa(optional)Contains sol-fa designation, e.g., do, re, mi, etc., in either a fixed or movable Do system. Value is a NMTOKEN.
External symbols component declarations.
glyph.auth(optional)A name or label associated with the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Allowed values are: "smufl" (Standard Music Font Layout.)
glyph.name(optional)Glyph name. Value is plain text.
glyph.num(optional)Numeric glyph reference in hexadecimal notation, e.g. "#xE000" or "U+E000". N.B. SMuFL version 1.18 uses the range U+E000 - U+ECBF. Value conforms to data.HEXNUM.
glyph.uri(optional)The web-accessible location of the controlled vocabulary from which the value of glyph.name or glyph.num is taken. Value conforms to data.URI.
Facsimile component declarations.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
Gestural component declarations.
accid.ges(optional)Records the performed pitch inflection. Value conforms to data.ACCIDENTAL.GESTURAL.
artic.ges(optional)Records performed articulation that differs from the written value. One or more values from data.ARTICULATION, separated by spaces.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
oct.ges(optional)Records performed octave information that differs from the written value. Value conforms to data.OCTAVE.
pname.ges(optional)Contains a performed pitch name that differs from the written value. Value conforms to data.PITCHNAME.GES.
pnum(optional)Holds a pitch-to-number mapping, a base-40 or MIDI note number, for example. Value conforms to data.PITCHNUMBER.
MIDI component declarations.
instr(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a MIDI instrument definition. It must contain the ID of an instrDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
vel(optional)MIDI Note-on/off velocity. Value conforms to data.MIDIVALUE.
Neume repertoire component declarations.
angled(optional) Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
con(optional)Connection to the previous component within the same neume; this attribute should not be used for the first component of a neume. Allowed values are: "g" (Gapped; not connected.), "l" (Looped.), "e" (Extended.)
curve(optional)Records direction of curvature. Allowed values are: "a" (Anti-clockwise curvature.), "c" (Clockwise curvature.)
hooked(optional)Pen stroke has an extension; specific to Hispanic notation. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
ligated(optional)Indicates participation in a ligature. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
oct(optional)Captures written octave information. Value must either conform to a non-negative integer no larger than 9 or a string matching the following regular expression: "unknown" .
pname(optional)Contains a written pitch name. Value is a token.
rellen(optional)Length of the pen stroke relative to the previous component within the same neume; this attribute should not be used for the first component of a neume. Allowed values are: "l" (Longer.), "s" (Shorter.)
s-shape(optional)Direction of the initial direction for an s-shaped pen stroke; i.e., "w" for the standard letter S, "e" for its mirror image, "s" for the letter S turned 90-degrees anti-clockwise, and "n" for its mirror image. Value conforms to data.COMPASSDIRECTION.basic.
tilt(optional)Direction of the pen stroke. Value conforms to data.COMPASSDIRECTION.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. Allowed values are: "apostropha" , "bistropha" , "climacus" , "clivis" , "oriscus" , "pes" , "pessubpunctis" , "porrectus" , "porrectusflexus" , "pressusmaior" , "pressusmaior" , "pressusminor" , "pressusminor" , "punctum" , "quilisma" , "scandicus" , "strophicus" , "torculus" , "torculusresupinus" , "tristropha" , "virga" , "virgastrata"
Performance component declarations.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
color(optional)Used to indicate visual appearance. Do not confuse this with the musical term 'color' as used in pre-CMN notation. Value conforms to data.COLOR.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
fontfam(optional)Contains the name of a font-family. Value conforms to data.FONTFAMILY.
fontname(optional)Holds the name of a font. Value conforms to data.FONTNAME.
fontsize(optional)Indicates the size of a font expressed in printers' points, i.e., 1/72nd of an inch, relative terms, e.g., "small", "larger", etc., or percentage values relative to "normal" size, e.g., "125%". Value conforms to data.FONTSIZE.
fontstyle(optional)Records the style of a font, i.e, italic, oblique, or normal. Value conforms to data.FONTSTYLE.
fontweight(optional)Used to indicate bold type. Value conforms to data.FONTWEIGHT.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
loc(optional)Holds the staff location of the feature. Value conforms to data.STAFFLOC.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
visible(optional)Indicates if a feature should be rendered when the notation is presented graphically or sounded when it is presented in an aural form. Value conforms to data.BOOLEAN.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
User-defined symbols component declarations.
altsym(optional)Provides a way of pointing to a user-defined symbol. It must contain a reference to an ID of a symbolDef element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Member of
model.neumePartGroups elements that may occur within a neume.
Contained By
ncGrpCollection of one or more neume components.
(MEI.neumes) Groups elements that may occur within a neume.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
neumeSign representing one or more musical pitches.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Critical apparatus component declarations.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Neume repertoire component declarations.
ncGrpCollection of one or more neume components.
neumeSign representing one or more musical pitches.
May Contain
(MEI.critapp) Groups elements that contain a critical apparatus entry.
app(apparatus) – Contains one or more alternative encodings.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements for editorial interventions that may be useful both in transcribing and in authoring processes.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
(MEI.neumes) Groups elements that modify neume components.
liquescentLiquescent.
oriscusOriscus.
quilismaQuilisma.
strophicusStrophicus.
(MEI.neumes) Groups elements that modify neume-like features.
episemaEpisema.
hispanTickHispanic tick.
signifLetSignificantive letter(s).
Critical apparatus component declarations.
app(apparatus) – Contains one or more alternative encodings.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Neume repertoire component declarations.
episemaEpisema.
hispanTickHispanic tick.
liquescentLiquescent.
oriscusOriscus.
quilismaQuilisma.
signifLetSignificantive letter(s).
strophicusStrophicus.
Declaration
<elementSpec ident="nc" module="MEI.neumes">
<desc>Sign representing a single pitched event, although the exact pitch may not be known.</desc>
<classes>
<memberOf key="att.basic"/>
<memberOf key="att.classed"/>
<memberOf key="att.facsimile"/>
<memberOf key="att.labelled"/>
<memberOf key="att.linking"/>
<memberOf key="att.nNumberLike"/>
<memberOf key="att.responsibility"/>
<memberOf key="att.nc.anl"/>
<memberOf key="att.nc.ges"/>
<memberOf key="att.nc.log"/>
<memberOf key="att.nc.vis"/>
<memberOf key="model.neumePart"/>
</classes>
<content>
<rng:zeroOrMore>
<rng:choice>
<rng:ref name="model.appLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.editLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.neumeModifierLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.transcriptionLike"/>
</rng:choice>
</rng:zeroOrMore>
</content>
<attList>
<attDef ident="type" usage="opt">
<desc>Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels.</desc>
<datatype maxOccurs="unbounded">
<rng:data type="NMTOKEN"/>
</datatype>
<valList type="semi">
<valItem ident="apostropha"/>
<valItem ident="bistropha"/>
<valItem ident="climacus"/>
<valItem ident="clivis"/>
<valItem ident="oriscus"/>
<valItem ident="pes"/>
<valItem ident="pessubpunctis"/>
<valItem ident="porrectus"/>
<valItem ident="porrectusflexus"/>
<valItem ident="pressusmaior"/>
<valItem ident="pressusmaior"/>
<valItem ident="pressusminor"/>
<valItem ident="pressusminor"/>
<valItem ident="punctum"/>
<valItem ident="quilisma"/>
<valItem ident="scandicus"/>
<valItem ident="strophicus"/>
<valItem ident="torculus"/>
<valItem ident="torculusresupinus"/>
<valItem ident="tristropha"/>
<valItem ident="virga"/>
<valItem ident="virgastrata"/>
</valList>
</attDef>
</attList>
</elementSpec>