<metaMark>

A graphical or textual statement with additional / explanatory information about the musical text. The textual consequences of this intervention are encoded independently via other means; that is, with elements such as <add>, <del>, etc.
Module
MEI.edittrans
Attributes
cert, class, copyof, corresp, decls, dots.ges, dur.ges, dur.metrical, dur.ppq, dur.real, dur.recip, endid, evaluate, evidence, facs, follows, function, hand, instant, label, layer, n, next, part, partstaff, place, plist, precedes, prev, resp, sameas, seq, source, staff, startid, state, synch, target, targettype, translit, tstamp, tstamp.ges, tstamp.real, tstamp2.ges, tstamp2.real, type, when, xlink:actuate, xlink:role, xlink:show, xml:base, xml:id, xml:lang
cert(optional)Signifies the degree of certainty or precision associated with a feature. Value conforms to data.CERTAINTY.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
decls(optional)Identifies one or more metadata elements (other than classification terms) within the header, which are understood to apply to the element bearing this attribute and its content. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
endid(optional)Indicates the final element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
evaluate(optional)Specifies the intended meaning when a participant in a relationship is itself a pointer. Allowed values are: "all" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then the target of that pointer will be taken, and so on, until an element is found which is not a pointer.), "one" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then its target (whether a pointer or not) is taken as the target of this pointer.), "none" (No further evaluation of targets is carried out beyond that needed to find the element(s) specified in plist or target attribute.)
evidence(optional)Indicates the nature of the evidence supporting the reliability or accuracy of the intervention or interpretation. Allowed values are: "internal" (There is evidence within the document to support the intervention.), "external" (There is evidence outside the document to support the intervention.), "conjecture" (The assertion has been made by the editor, cataloguer, or scholar on the basis of their expertise.)
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
functionDescribes the purpose of the metaMark. Allowed values are: "confirmation" (confirmation of a previous textual decision; i.e., cancellation of a deleted passage in a different writing medium.), "addition" (denoted material is to be inserted in the musical text.), "deletion" (denoted material is no longer part of the musical text.), "substitution" (denoted material is replaced, either by the musical text pointed at with the @target attribute or the musical content of the metaMark element itself.), "clarification" (attempt to clarify a potentially illegible or otherwise unclear part of the musical text.), "question" (marks a section of the musical text which is to be considered further.), "investigation" (marks a section of the musical text as an investigation of the consequences of certain compositional decisions or potential alternatives.), "restoration" (declares a formerly cancelled part of the musical text as valid again.), "navigation" (clarification of the reading order of the musical text.)
hand(optional)Signifies the hand responsible for an action. The value must be the ID of a hand element declared in the header. Value conforms to data.URI.
instantThe @instant attribute is syntactic sugar for classifying a scribal intervention as an ad-hoc modification; that is, one which does not interrupt the writing process. Value must conform to data.BOOLEAN or unknown.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
part(optional)Indicates the part in which the current feature should appear. Use '%all' when the feature should occur in every part. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|#[\i][\c]+)" , separated by spaces.
partstaff(optional)Signifies the part staff on which a notated feature occurs. Use '%all' when the feature should occur on every staff. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|\d+(-\d+)?)" , separated by spaces.
place(optional)Captures the placement of the item with respect to the staff with which it is associated. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.
plist(optional)When the target attribute is present, plist identifies the active participants; that is, those entities pointed "from", in a relationship with the specified target(s). When the target attribute is not present, it identifies participants in a mutual relationship. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
seq(optional)Used to assign a sequence number related to the order in which the encoded features carrying this attribute are believed to have occurred. Value is a positive integer.
source(optional)Contains a list of one or more pointers indicating the sources which attest to a given reading. Each value should correspond to the ID of a source or manifestationelement located in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
startid(optional)Holds a reference to the first element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
statePoints to the genetic state that results from this modification. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
target(optional)Identifies passive participants in a relationship; that is, the entities pointed "to". One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
targettype(optional)Characterization of target resource(s) using any convenient classification scheme or typology. Value is a NMTOKEN.
translit(optional)Specifies the transliteration technique used. Value is a NMTOKEN.
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
tstamp2.ges(optional)Encodes the ending point of an event, i.e., a count of measures plus a beat location in the ending measure. Value conforms to data.MEASUREBEAT.
tstamp2.real(optional)Records the ending point of an event in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
xlink:actuate(optional)Defines whether a link occurs automatically or must be requested by the user. Allowed values are: "onLoad" (Load the target resource(s) immediately.), "onRequest" (Load the target resource(s) upon user request.), "none" (Do not permit loading of the target resource(s).), "other" (Behavior other than allowed by the other values of this attribute.)
xlink:role(optional)Characterization of the relationship between resources. The value of the role attribute must be a URI. Value conforms to data.URI.
xlink:show(optional)Defines how a remote resource is rendered. Allowed values are: "new" (Open in a new window.), "replace" (Load the referenced resource in the same window.), "embed" (Embed the referenced resource at the point of the link.), "none" (Do not permit traversal to the referenced resource.), "other" (Behavior other than permitted by the other values of this attribute.)
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
xml:lang(optional)Identifies the language of the element's content. The values for this attribute are language 'tags' as defined in BCP 47. All language tags that make use of private use sub-tags must be documented in a corresponding language element in the MEI header whose id attribute is the same as the language tag's value. Value is a language.
functionDescribes the purpose of the metaMark. Allowed values are: "confirmation" (confirmation of a previous textual decision; i.e., cancellation of a deleted passage in a different writing medium.), "addition" (denoted material is to be inserted in the musical text.), "deletion" (denoted material is no longer part of the musical text.), "substitution" (denoted material is replaced, either by the musical text pointed at with the @target attribute or the musical content of the metaMark element itself.), "clarification" (attempt to clarify a potentially illegible or otherwise unclear part of the musical text.), "question" (marks a section of the musical text which is to be considered further.), "investigation" (marks a section of the musical text as an investigation of the consequences of certain compositional decisions or potential alternatives.), "restoration" (declares a formerly cancelled part of the musical text as valid again.), "navigation" (clarification of the reading order of the musical text.)
(MEI.shared) Attributes common to many elements.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that form the basis of the att.common class.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that uniquely identify an element.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
(MEI.shared)
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that specify element-to-element relationships.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes used to supply a number-like designation for an element.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
(MEI.shared) Attributes capturing information regarding responsibility for some aspect of the text's creation, transcription, editing, or encoding.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.facsimile) Attributes that associate a feature corresponding with all or part of an image.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Language attributes common to text elements.
xml:lang(optional)Identifies the language of the element's content. The values for this attribute are language 'tags' as defined in BCP 47. All language tags that make use of private use sub-tags must be documented in a corresponding language element in the MEI header whose id attribute is the same as the language tag's value. Value is a language.
translit(optional)Specifies the transliteration technique used. Value is a NMTOKEN.
(MEI.edittrans) Logical domain attributes.
(MEI.shared) Attributes shared by events which rely on other events for their existence. For example, a slur/phrase marking must be drawn between or over a group of notes. The slur is therefore a control event.
(MEI.performance) Temporal alignment attributes.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify the layer to which a feature applies.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for identifying the part in which the current feature appears.
part(optional)Indicates the part in which the current feature should appear. Use '%all' when the feature should occur in every part. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|#[\i][\c]+)" , separated by spaces.
partstaff(optional)Signifies the part staff on which a notated feature occurs. Use '%all' when the feature should occur on every staff. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|\d+(-\d+)?)" , separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes listing the active participants in a user-defined collection.
plist(optional)When the target attribute is present, plist identifies the active participants; that is, those entities pointed "from", in a relationship with the specified target(s). When the target attribute is not present, it identifies participants in a mutual relationship. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for identifying the staff associated with the current feature.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that deal with resolution of values in plist or target attributes.
evaluate(optional)Specifies the intended meaning when a participant in a relationship is itself a pointer. Allowed values are: "all" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then the target of that pointer will be taken, and so on, until an element is found which is not a pointer.), "one" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then its target (whether a pointer or not) is taken as the target of this pointer.), "none" (No further evaluation of targets is carried out beyond that needed to find the element(s) specified in plist or target attribute.)
(MEI.shared) Attributes that record a time stamp in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part].
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record a performed (as opposed to notated) time stamp.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
(MEI.shared) Attributes recording the identifiers of the first and last elements of a sequence of elements to which the current element is associated.
endid(optional)Indicates the final element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify a relative starting point.
startid(optional)Holds a reference to the first element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record a performed (as opposed to notated) time stamp for the end of an event.
tstamp2.ges(optional)Encodes the ending point of an event, i.e., a count of measures plus a beat location in the ending measure. Value conforms to data.MEASUREBEAT.
tstamp2.real(optional)Records the ending point of an event in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
(MEI.edittrans) Attributes describing the nature of an encoded scholarly intervention or interpretation.
(MEI.shared) Attributes common to elements that may refer to a source.
source(optional)Contains a list of one or more pointers indicating the sources which attest to a given reading. Each value should correspond to the ID of a source or manifestationelement located in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes describing the support for and the certainty of an assertion.
cert(optional)Signifies the degree of certainty or precision associated with a feature. Value conforms to data.CERTAINTY.
evidence(optional)Indicates the nature of the evidence supporting the reliability or accuracy of the intervention or interpretation. Allowed values are: "internal" (There is evidence within the document to support the intervention.), "external" (There is evidence outside the document to support the intervention.), "conjecture" (The assertion has been made by the editor, cataloguer, or scholar on the basis of their expertise.)
(MEI.edittrans) Attributes for elements encoding authorial or scribal intervention when transcribing manuscript or similar sources.
(MEI.genetic) Attributes that pertain to a genetic state.
instantThe @instant attribute is syntactic sugar for classifying a scribal intervention as an ad-hoc modification; that is, one which does not interrupt the writing process. Value must conform to data.BOOLEAN or unknown.
statePoints to the genetic state that results from this modification. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which identify a document hand.
hand(optional)Signifies the hand responsible for an action. The value must be the ID of a hand element declared in the header. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Provides attributes for elements which may be associated with particular contextual elements within the header.
decls(optional)Identifies one or more metadata elements (other than classification terms) within the header, which are understood to apply to the element bearing this attribute and its content. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that describe order within a collection of features.
seq(optional)Used to assign a sequence number related to the order in which the encoded features carrying this attribute are believed to have occurred. Value is a positive integer.
(MEI.edittrans) Visual domain attributes.
(MEI.shared) Attributes capturing placement information with respect to the staff.
place(optional)Captures the placement of the item with respect to the staff with which it is associated. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.
(MEI.edittrans) Gestural domain attributes.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record performed duration that differs from a feature's written duration.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
(MEI.edittrans) Analytical domain attributes.
(MEI.shared) Attributes common to all pointing/linking elements.
xlink:actuate(optional)Defines whether a link occurs automatically or must be requested by the user. Allowed values are: "onLoad" (Load the target resource(s) immediately.), "onRequest" (Load the target resource(s) upon user request.), "none" (Do not permit loading of the target resource(s).), "other" (Behavior other than allowed by the other values of this attribute.)
xlink:role(optional)Characterization of the relationship between resources. The value of the role attribute must be a URI. Value conforms to data.URI.
xlink:show(optional)Defines how a remote resource is rendered. Allowed values are: "new" (Open in a new window.), "replace" (Load the referenced resource in the same window.), "embed" (Embed the referenced resource at the point of the link.), "none" (Do not permit traversal to the referenced resource.), "other" (Behavior other than permitted by the other values of this attribute.)
target(optional)Identifies passive participants in a relationship; that is, the entities pointed "to". One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
targettype(optional)Characterization of target resource(s) using any convenient classification scheme or typology. Value is a NMTOKEN.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
functionDescribes the purpose of the metaMark. Allowed values are: "confirmation" (confirmation of a previous textual decision; i.e., cancellation of a deleted passage in a different writing medium.), "addition" (denoted material is to be inserted in the musical text.), "deletion" (denoted material is no longer part of the musical text.), "substitution" (denoted material is replaced, either by the musical text pointed at with the @target attribute or the musical content of the metaMark element itself.), "clarification" (attempt to clarify a potentially illegible or otherwise unclear part of the musical text.), "question" (marks a section of the musical text which is to be considered further.), "investigation" (marks a section of the musical text as an investigation of the consequences of certain compositional decisions or potential alternatives.), "restoration" (declares a formerly cancelled part of the musical text as valid again.), "navigation" (clarification of the reading order of the musical text.)
Facsimile component declarations.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
Genetic encoding component declarations.
instantThe @instant attribute is syntactic sugar for classifying a scribal intervention as an ad-hoc modification; that is, one which does not interrupt the writing process. Value must conform to data.BOOLEAN or unknown.
statePoints to the genetic state that results from this modification. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
Gestural component declarations.
dots.ges(optional)Number of dots required for a gestural duration when different from that of the written duration. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
dur.ges(optional)Records performed duration information that differs from the written duration. Value conforms to data.DURATION.gestural.
dur.metrical(optional)Duration as a count of units provided in the time signature denominator. Value is a decimal number.
dur.ppq(optional)Duration recorded as pulses-per-quarter note, e.g. MIDI clicks or MusicXML divisions. Value is a positive integer, including 0.
dur.real(optional)Duration in seconds, e.g. '1.732'. Value is a decimal number.
dur.recip(optional)Duration as an optionally dotted Humdrum *recip value. Value is a token.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
tstamp2.ges(optional)Encodes the ending point of an event, i.e., a count of measures plus a beat location in the ending measure. Value conforms to data.MEASUREBEAT.
tstamp2.real(optional)Records the ending point of an event in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
Performance component declarations.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
cert(optional)Signifies the degree of certainty or precision associated with a feature. Value conforms to data.CERTAINTY.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
decls(optional)Identifies one or more metadata elements (other than classification terms) within the header, which are understood to apply to the element bearing this attribute and its content. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
endid(optional)Indicates the final element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
evaluate(optional)Specifies the intended meaning when a participant in a relationship is itself a pointer. Allowed values are: "all" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then the target of that pointer will be taken, and so on, until an element is found which is not a pointer.), "one" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then its target (whether a pointer or not) is taken as the target of this pointer.), "none" (No further evaluation of targets is carried out beyond that needed to find the element(s) specified in plist or target attribute.)
evidence(optional)Indicates the nature of the evidence supporting the reliability or accuracy of the intervention or interpretation. Allowed values are: "internal" (There is evidence within the document to support the intervention.), "external" (There is evidence outside the document to support the intervention.), "conjecture" (The assertion has been made by the editor, cataloguer, or scholar on the basis of their expertise.)
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
hand(optional)Signifies the hand responsible for an action. The value must be the ID of a hand element declared in the header. Value conforms to data.URI.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
part(optional)Indicates the part in which the current feature should appear. Use '%all' when the feature should occur in every part. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|#[\i][\c]+)" , separated by spaces.
partstaff(optional)Signifies the part staff on which a notated feature occurs. Use '%all' when the feature should occur on every staff. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|\d+(-\d+)?)" , separated by spaces.
place(optional)Captures the placement of the item with respect to the staff with which it is associated. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.
plist(optional)When the target attribute is present, plist identifies the active participants; that is, those entities pointed "from", in a relationship with the specified target(s). When the target attribute is not present, it identifies participants in a mutual relationship. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
seq(optional)Used to assign a sequence number related to the order in which the encoded features carrying this attribute are believed to have occurred. Value is a positive integer.
source(optional)Contains a list of one or more pointers indicating the sources which attest to a given reading. Each value should correspond to the ID of a source or manifestationelement located in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
staff(recommended)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
startid(optional)Holds a reference to the first element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
target(optional)Identifies passive participants in a relationship; that is, the entities pointed "to". One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
targettype(optional)Characterization of target resource(s) using any convenient classification scheme or typology. Value is a NMTOKEN.
translit(optional)Specifies the transliteration technique used. Value is a NMTOKEN.
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
xlink:actuate(optional)Defines whether a link occurs automatically or must be requested by the user. Allowed values are: "onLoad" (Load the target resource(s) immediately.), "onRequest" (Load the target resource(s) upon user request.), "none" (Do not permit loading of the target resource(s).), "other" (Behavior other than allowed by the other values of this attribute.)
xlink:role(optional)Characterization of the relationship between resources. The value of the role attribute must be a URI. Value conforms to data.URI.
xlink:show(optional)Defines how a remote resource is rendered. Allowed values are: "new" (Open in a new window.), "replace" (Load the referenced resource in the same window.), "embed" (Embed the referenced resource at the point of the link.), "none" (Do not permit traversal to the referenced resource.), "other" (Behavior other than permitted by the other values of this attribute.)
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
xml:lang(optional)Identifies the language of the element's content. The values for this attribute are language 'tags' as defined in BCP 47. All language tags that make use of private use sub-tags must be documented in a corresponding language element in the MEI header whose id attribute is the same as the language tag's value. Value is a language.
Member of
model.controlEventLikeGroups elements, such as dynamics, ties, phrase marks, pedal marks, etc., which depend upon other events, such as notes or rests, for their existence.
Contained By
(MEI.shared) Groups elements, such as dynamics, ties, phrase marks, pedal marks, etc., which depend upon other events, such as notes or rests, for their existence.
(MEI.cmn) Groups elements that may appear within a CMN measure.
measureUnit of musical time consisting of a fixed number of note values of a given type, as determined by the prevailing meter, and delimited in musical notation by bar lines.
(MEI.critapp) Groups elements that may appear as part of a musical variant.
(MEI.critapp) Groups elements that may appear as part of a textual or musical variant.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements in music notation.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
(MEI.mensural) Groups elements that are components of a staff in the mensural repertoire.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that are components of a staff in the mensural and neume repertoires.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that are components of a staff.
oStaff(ossia staff) – A staff that holds an alternative passage which may be played instead of the original material.
staffA group of equidistant horizontal lines on which notes are placed in order to represent pitch or a grouping element for individual 'strands' of notes, rests, etc. that may or may not actually be rendered on staff lines; that is, both diastematic and non-diastematic signs.
(MEI.neumes) Groups elements that may appear as part of the content of a syllable.
syllableNeume notation can be thought of as "neumed text". Therefore, the syllable element provides high-level organization in this repertoire.
Common Music Notation (CMN) repertoire component declarations.
measureUnit of musical time consisting of a fixed number of note values of a given type, as determined by the prevailing meter, and delimited in musical notation by bar lines.
oStaff(ossia staff) – A staff that holds an alternative passage which may be played instead of the original material.
Critical apparatus component declarations.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Neume repertoire component declarations.
syllableNeume notation can be thought of as "neumed text". Therefore, the syllable element provides high-level organization in this repertoire.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
staffA group of equidistant horizontal lines on which notes are placed in order to represent pitch or a grouping element for individual 'strands' of notes, rests, etc. that may or may not actually be rendered on staff lines; that is, both diastematic and non-diastematic signs.
May Contain
textual content
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements for editorial interventions that may be useful both in transcribing and in authoring processes.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that represent a segment of music notation.
sectionSegment of music data.
(MEI.shared) Groups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
dedicateeEntity to whom a creative work is formally offered.
dimensionsInformation about the physical size of an entity; usually includes numerical data.
extentUsed to express size in terms other than physical dimensions, such as number of pages, records, bytes, physical components, etc.
seg(arbitrary segment) represents any segmentation of text below the "text component" level.
symbolA reference to a previously defined symbol.
termKeyword or phrase which describes a resource.
(MEI.figtable) Groups elements representing or containing graphic information such as an illustration or figure.
fig(figure) – Groups elements representing or containing graphic information such as an illustration or figure.
(MEI.msDesc) Groups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
catchwordsDescribes the system used to ensure correct ordering of the quires making up an item, typically by means of annotations at the foot of the page.
fingerprintContains a string that uniquely identifies an item, such as those constructed by combining groups of characters transcribed from specified pages of a printed item or a file's checksum.
heraldryContains a heraldic formula or phrase, typically found as part of a blazon, coat of arms, etc.
locusDefines a location within a manuscript or manuscript component, usually as a (possibly discontinuous) sequence of folio references.
locusGrp(locus group) – Groups locations which together form a distinct but discontinuous item within a manuscript or manuscript part, according to a specific foliation.
secFolio(second folio) – Marks the word or words taken from a fixed point in a codex (typically the beginning of the second leaf) in order to provide a unique identifier for the item.
signaturesProvides a description of the leaf or quire signatures found within a codex.
stampContains a word or phrase describing an official mark indicating ownership, genuineness, validity, etc.
watermarkContains a description of a watermark or similar device.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements used as part of a physical address.
postBox(postal box or post office box) contains a number or other identifier for some postal delivery point other than a street address.
postCode(postal code) contains a numerical or alphanumeric code used as part of a postal address to simplify sorting or delivery of mail.
streetfull street address including any name or number identifying a building as well as the name of the street or route on which it is located.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements which form part of a geographic name.
blocContains the name of a geopolitical unit consisting of two or more nation states or countries.
countryContains the name of a geopolitical unit, such as a nation, country, colony, or commonwealth, larger than or administratively superior to a region and smaller than a bloc.
districtContains the name of any kind of subdivision of a settlement, such as a parish, ward, or other administrative or geographic unit.
geogFeat(geographical feature name) – Contains a common noun identifying a geographical feature.
regionContains the name of an administrative unit such as a state, province, or county, larger than a settlement, but smaller than a country.
settlementContains the name of a settlement such as a city, town, or village identified as a single geopolitical or administrative unit.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements that serve as stylistic labels.
periodName(period name) – A label that describes a period of time, such as 'Baroque' or '3rd Style period'.
styleName(style name) – A label for a characteristic style of writing or performance, such as 'bebop' or 'rock-n-roll'.
(MEI.ptrref) Groups elements used for purposes of location and reference.
ptr(pointer) – Defines a traversible pointer to another location, using only attributes to describe the destination.
ref(reference) – Defines a traversible reference to another location. May contain text and sub-elements that describe the destination.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements used to represent a postal address.
addressContains a postal address, for example of a publisher, an organization, or an individual.
(MEI.shared) Groups annotation-like elements.
annot(annotation) – Provides a statement explaining the text or indicating the basis for an assertion.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements containing a bibliographic description.
bibl(bibliographic reference) – Provides a loosely-structured bibliographic citation in which the sub-components may or may not be explicitly marked.
biblStruct(structured bibliographic citation) – Contains a bibliographic citation in which bibliographic sub-elements must appear in a specified order.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements containing date expressions.
dateA string identifying a point in time or the time period between two such points.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements which describe a measurement forming part of the physical dimensions of an object.
depthDescription of a measurement taken through a three-dimensional object.
dim(dimension) – Any single dimensional specification.
heightDescription of the vertical size of an object.
widthDescription of the horizontal size of an object.
(MEI.shared) Groups editorial intervention elements.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
(MEI.shared) Groups identifier-like elements.
identifierAn alpha-numeric string that establishes the identity of the described material.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that function like line beginnings.
lb(line beginning) – An empty formatting element that forces text to begin on a new line.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that represent a measurement.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that denote a number or a quantity.
num(number) – Numeric information in any form.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that contain names.
nameProper noun or noun phrase.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements which contain names of individuals or corporate bodies.
corpName(corporate name) – Identifies an organization or group of people that acts as a single entity.
persName(personal name) – Designation for an individual, including any or all of that individual's forenames, surnames, honorific titles, and added names.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups place name elements.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups geographic name elements.
geogName(geographic name) – The proper noun designation for a place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that denote a corporate entity that holds a bibliographic item.
repositoryInstitution, agency, or individual which holds a bibliographic item.
(MEI.shared) Collects elements that express a relationship.
relationDescribes a relationship or linkage amongst entities.
relationListGathers relation elements.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that mark typographical features.
rend(render) – A formatting element indicating special visual rendering, e.g., bold or italicized, of a text word or phrase.
stack(stacked text) – An inline table with a single column.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that denote the name of a bibliographic item.
titleTitle of a bibliographic entity.
(MEI.text) Groups elements related to highlighting which can appear at the phrase-level.
q(quoted) – Contains material which is distinguished from the surrounding phrase-level text using quotation marks or a similar method. Use quote for block-level quotations.
textual content
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Figures and tables component declarations.
fig(figure) – Groups elements representing or containing graphic information such as an illustration or figure.
Metadata header component declarations.
fingerprintContains a string that uniquely identifies an item, such as those constructed by combining groups of characters transcribed from specified pages of a printed item or a file's checksum.
watermarkContains a description of a watermark or similar device.
Manuscript description component declarations.
catchwordsDescribes the system used to ensure correct ordering of the quires making up an item, typically by means of annotations at the foot of the page.
heraldryContains a heraldic formula or phrase, typically found as part of a blazon, coat of arms, etc.
locusDefines a location within a manuscript or manuscript component, usually as a (possibly discontinuous) sequence of folio references.
locusGrp(locus group) – Groups locations which together form a distinct but discontinuous item within a manuscript or manuscript part, according to a specific foliation.
secFolio(second folio) – Marks the word or words taken from a fixed point in a codex (typically the beginning of the second leaf) in order to provide a unique identifier for the item.
signaturesProvides a description of the leaf or quire signatures found within a codex.
stampContains a word or phrase describing an official mark indicating ownership, genuineness, validity, etc.
Names and dates component declarations.
blocContains the name of a geopolitical unit consisting of two or more nation states or countries.
corpName(corporate name) – Identifies an organization or group of people that acts as a single entity.
countryContains the name of a geopolitical unit, such as a nation, country, colony, or commonwealth, larger than or administratively superior to a region and smaller than a bloc.
districtContains the name of any kind of subdivision of a settlement, such as a parish, ward, or other administrative or geographic unit.
geogFeat(geographical feature name) – Contains a common noun identifying a geographical feature.
geogName(geographic name) – The proper noun designation for a place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction.
periodName(period name) – A label that describes a period of time, such as 'Baroque' or '3rd Style period'.
persName(personal name) – Designation for an individual, including any or all of that individual's forenames, surnames, honorific titles, and added names.
postBox(postal box or post office box) contains a number or other identifier for some postal delivery point other than a street address.
postCode(postal code) contains a numerical or alphanumeric code used as part of a postal address to simplify sorting or delivery of mail.
regionContains the name of an administrative unit such as a state, province, or county, larger than a settlement, but smaller than a country.
settlementContains the name of a settlement such as a city, town, or village identified as a single geopolitical or administrative unit.
streetfull street address including any name or number identifying a building as well as the name of the street or route on which it is located.
styleName(style name) – A label for a characteristic style of writing or performance, such as 'bebop' or 'rock-n-roll'.
Pointer and reference component declarations.
ptr(pointer) – Defines a traversible pointer to another location, using only attributes to describe the destination.
ref(reference) – Defines a traversible reference to another location. May contain text and sub-elements that describe the destination.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
addressContains a postal address, for example of a publisher, an organization, or an individual.
annot(annotation) – Provides a statement explaining the text or indicating the basis for an assertion.
bibl(bibliographic reference) – Provides a loosely-structured bibliographic citation in which the sub-components may or may not be explicitly marked.
biblStruct(structured bibliographic citation) – Contains a bibliographic citation in which bibliographic sub-elements must appear in a specified order.
dateA string identifying a point in time or the time period between two such points.
dedicateeEntity to whom a creative work is formally offered.
depthDescription of a measurement taken through a three-dimensional object.
dim(dimension) – Any single dimensional specification.
dimensionsInformation about the physical size of an entity; usually includes numerical data.
extentUsed to express size in terms other than physical dimensions, such as number of pages, records, bytes, physical components, etc.
heightDescription of the vertical size of an object.
identifierAn alpha-numeric string that establishes the identity of the described material.
lb(line beginning) – An empty formatting element that forces text to begin on a new line.
nameProper noun or noun phrase.
num(number) – Numeric information in any form.
relationDescribes a relationship or linkage amongst entities.
relationListGathers relation elements.
rend(render) – A formatting element indicating special visual rendering, e.g., bold or italicized, of a text word or phrase.
repositoryInstitution, agency, or individual which holds a bibliographic item.
sectionSegment of music data.
stack(stacked text) – An inline table with a single column.
symbolA reference to a previously defined symbol.
termKeyword or phrase which describes a resource.
titleTitle of a bibliographic entity.
widthDescription of the horizontal size of an object.
Text component declarations.
q(quoted) – Contains material which is distinguished from the surrounding phrase-level text using quotation marks or a similar method. Use quote for block-level quotations.
seg(arbitrary segment) represents any segmentation of text below the "text component" level.
Remarks

This element is used to encode explicit metatexts as defined by the Beethovens Werkstatt project.

Constraints

Must have one of the attributes: startid, tstamp, tstamp.ges or tstamp.real

Declaration
<elementSpec ident="metaMark" module="MEI.edittrans">
<desc>A graphical or textual statement with additional / explanatory information about the musical text. The textual consequences of this intervention are encoded independently via other means; that is, with elements such as <add>, <del>, etc.</desc>
<classes>
<memberOf key="att.common"/>
<memberOf key="att.facsimile"/>
<memberOf key="att.lang"/>
<memberOf key="att.metaMark.log"/>
<memberOf key="att.metaMark.vis"/>
<memberOf key="att.metaMark.ges"/>
<memberOf key="att.metaMark.anl"/>
<memberOf key="att.pointing"/>
<memberOf key="model.controlEventLike"/>
</classes>
<content>
<rng:zeroOrMore>
<rng:choice>
<rng:text/>
<rng:ref name="model.editLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.sectionLike"/>
<rng:ref name="model.transcriptionLike"/>
</rng:choice>
</rng:zeroOrMore>
</content>
<constraintSpec ident="metaMark_start-type_attributes_required" scheme="schematron">
<constraint>
<sch:rule context="mei:metaMark">
<sch:assert test="@startid or @tstamp or @tstamp.ges or @tstamp.real">Must have one of the attributes: startid, tstamp, tstamp.ges or tstamp.real</sch:assert>
</sch:rule>
</constraint>
</constraintSpec>
<attList>
<attDef ident="function">
<desc>Describes the purpose of the metaMark.</desc>
<datatype>
<rng:data type="NMTOKEN"/>
</datatype>
<valList type="semi">
<valItem ident="confirmation">
<desc>confirmation of a previous textual decision; i.e., cancellation of a deleted passage in a different writing medium.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="addition">
<desc>denoted material is to be inserted in the musical text.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="deletion">
<desc>denoted material is no longer part of the musical text.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="substitution">
<desc>denoted material is replaced, either by the musical text pointed at with the @target attribute or the musical content of the metaMark element itself.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="clarification">
<desc>attempt to clarify a potentially illegible or otherwise unclear part of the musical text.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="question">
<desc>marks a section of the musical text which is to be considered further.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="investigation">
<desc>marks a section of the musical text as an investigation of the consequences of certain compositional decisions or potential alternatives.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="restoration">
<desc>declares a formerly cancelled part of the musical text as valid again.</desc>
</valItem>
<valItem ident="navigation">
<desc>clarification of the reading order of the musical text.</desc>
</valItem>
</valList>
</attDef>
</attList>
<remarks>
<p>This element is used to encode <ref target="http://beethovens-werkstatt.de/glossary/metatext/">explicit metatexts</ref> as defined by the Beethovens Werkstatt project.</p>
</remarks>
</elementSpec>