<tempo>

Module
MEI.shared
Attributes
analog, class, copyof, corresp, endho, endto, evaluate, facs, follows, func, ho, label, layer, midi.bpm, midi.mspb, mm, mm.dots, mm.unit, n, next, part, partstaff, place, plist, precedes, prev, resp, sameas, staff, startho, startid, startto, synch, to, translit, tstamp, tstamp.ges, tstamp.real, type, vgrp, vo, when, x, xml:base, xml:id, xml:lang, y
analog(optional)Contains a reference to a field or element in another descriptive encoding system to which this MEI element is comparable. Value is plain text.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
endho(optional)Records the horizontal adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined end point. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
endto(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined end point. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
evaluate(optional)Specifies the intended meaning when a participant in a relationship is itself a pointer. Allowed values are: "all" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then the target of that pointer will be taken, and so on, until an element is found which is not a pointer.), "one" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then its target (whether a pointer or not) is taken as the target of this pointer.), "none" (No further evaluation of targets is carried out beyond that needed to find the element(s) specified in plist or target attribute.)
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
funcRecords the function of a tempo indication. Allowed values are: "continuous" (Marks a gradual change of tempo, such as "accel." or "rit."), "instantaneous" (Represents a static tempo instruction, such as a textual term like "Adagio", a metronome marking like "♩=70", or a combination of text and metronome indication.), "metricmod" (Captures a change in pulse rate (tempo) and/or pulse grouping (subdivision) in an "equation" of the form [tempo before change] = [tempo after change].), "precedente" (Indicates a change in pulse rate (tempo) and/or pulse grouping (subdivision) in an "equation" of the form [tempo after change] = [tempo before change]. The term "precedente" often appears following the "equation" to distinguish this kind of historical usage from the modern metric modulation form.)
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
midi.bpm(optional)Captures the number of *quarter notes* per minute. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. Value conforms to data.MIDIBPM.
midi.mspb(optional)Records the number of microseconds per *quarter note*. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. At 120 quarter notes per minute, each quarter note will last 500,000 microseconds. Value conforms to data.MIDIMSPB.
mm(optional)Used to describe tempo in terms of beats (often the meter signature denominator) per minute, ala M.M. (Maezel's Metronome). Do not confuse this attribute with midi.bpm or midi.mspb. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. Value conforms to data.TEMPOVALUE.
mm.dots(optional)Records the number of augmentation dots required by a dotted metronome unit. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
mm.unit(optional)Captures the metronomic unit. Value conforms to data.DURATION.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
part(optional)Indicates the part in which the current feature should appear. Use '%all' when the feature should occur in every part. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|#[\i][\c]+)" , separated by spaces.
partstaff(optional)Signifies the part staff on which a notated feature occurs. Use '%all' when the feature should occur on every staff. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|\d+(-\d+)?)" , separated by spaces.
place(optional)Captures the placement of the item with respect to the staff with which it is associated. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.
plist(optional)When the target attribute is present, plist identifies the active participants; that is, those entities pointed "from", in a relationship with the specified target(s). When the target attribute is not present, it identifies participants in a mutual relationship. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
staff(rec)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
startho(optional)Records the horizontal adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined start point. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
startid(optional)Holds a reference to the first element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
startto(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined start point. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
to(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of musical time; that is, beats. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
translit(optional)Specifies the transliteration technique used. Value is a NMTOKEN.
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
vgrp(optional)Provides a label for members of a vertically aligned group. Value is a positive integer.
vo(optional)Records the vertical adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
xml:lang(optional)Identifies the language of the element's content. The values for this attribute are language 'tags' as defined in BCP 47. All language tags that make use of private use sub-tags must be documented in a corresponding language element in the MEI header whose id attribute is the same as the language tag's value. Value is a language.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
(MEI.shared) Attributes common to many elements.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that form the basis of the att.common class.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that uniquely identify an element.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
(MEI.shared)
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that specify element-to-element relationships.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes used to supply a number-like designation for an element.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
(MEI.shared) Attributes capturing information regarding responsibility for some aspect of the text's creation, transcription, editing, or encoding.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes which can be used to classify features.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Bibliographic attributes.
analog(optional)Contains a reference to a field or element in another descriptive encoding system to which this MEI element is comparable. Value is plain text.
(MEI.facsimile) Attributes that associate a feature corresponding with all or part of an image.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Language attributes common to text elements.
xml:lang(optional)Identifies the language of the element's content. The values for this attribute are language 'tags' as defined in BCP 47. All language tags that make use of private use sub-tags must be documented in a corresponding language element in the MEI header whose id attribute is the same as the language tag's value. Value is a language.
translit(optional)Specifies the transliteration technique used. Value is a NMTOKEN.
(MEI.shared) Logical domain attributes.
funcRecords the function of a tempo indication. Allowed values are: "continuous" (Marks a gradual change of tempo, such as "accel." or "rit."), "instantaneous" (Represents a static tempo instruction, such as a textual term like "Adagio", a metronome marking like "♩=70", or a combination of text and metronome indication.), "metricmod" (Captures a change in pulse rate (tempo) and/or pulse grouping (subdivision) in an "equation" of the form [tempo before change] = [tempo after change].), "precedente" (Indicates a change in pulse rate (tempo) and/or pulse grouping (subdivision) in an "equation" of the form [tempo after change] = [tempo before change]. The term "precedente" often appears following the "equation" to distinguish this kind of historical usage from the modern metric modulation form.)
(MEI.shared) Attributes shared by events which rely on other events for their existence. For example, a slur/phrase marking must be drawn between or over a group of notes. The slur is therefore a control event.
(MEI.performance) Temporal alignment attributes.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify the layer to which a feature applies.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for identifying the part in which the current feature appears.
part(optional)Indicates the part in which the current feature should appear. Use '%all' when the feature should occur in every part. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|#[\i][\c]+)" , separated by spaces.
partstaff(optional)Signifies the part staff on which a notated feature occurs. Use '%all' when the feature should occur on every staff. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|\d+(-\d+)?)" , separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes listing the active participants in a user-defined collection.
plist(optional)When the target attribute is present, plist identifies the active participants; that is, those entities pointed "from", in a relationship with the specified target(s). When the target attribute is not present, it identifies participants in a mutual relationship. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes for identifying the staff associated with the current feature.
staff(rec)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that deal with resolution of values in plist or target attributes.
evaluate(optional)Specifies the intended meaning when a participant in a relationship is itself a pointer. Allowed values are: "all" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then the target of that pointer will be taken, and so on, until an element is found which is not a pointer.), "one" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then its target (whether a pointer or not) is taken as the target of this pointer.), "none" (No further evaluation of targets is carried out beyond that needed to find the element(s) specified in plist or target attribute.)
(MEI.shared) Attributes that record a time stamp in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part].
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
(MEI.gestural) Attributes that record a performed (as opposed to notated) time stamp.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that record tempo in terms of beats per minute.
mm(optional)Used to describe tempo in terms of beats (often the meter signature denominator) per minute, ala M.M. (Maezel's Metronome). Do not confuse this attribute with midi.bpm or midi.mspb. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. Value conforms to data.TEMPOVALUE.
mm.unit(optional)Captures the metronomic unit. Value conforms to data.DURATION.
mm.dots(optional)Records the number of augmentation dots required by a dotted metronome unit. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that identify a relative starting point.
startid(optional)Holds a reference to the first element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
(MEI.visual) Visual domain attributes.
(MEI.shared) Attributes capturing placement information.
place(optional)Captures the placement of the item with respect to the staff with which it is associated. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.
(MEI.shared) Attributes that record grouping of vertically aligned elements.
vgrp(optional)Provides a label for members of a vertically aligned group. Value is a positive integer.
(MEI.shared) Visual offset attributes. Some items may have their location recorded in terms of offsets from their programmatically-determined location. The ho attribute records the horizontal offset while vo records the vertical. The to attribute holds a timestamp offset, the most common use of which is as an alternative to the ho attribute.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset attributes.
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset attributes specified in terms of time.
to(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of musical time; that is, beats. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
(MEI.shared) Vertical offset attributes.
vo(optional)Records the vertical adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset requiring a pair of attributes.
startho(optional)Records the horizontal adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined start point. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
endho(optional)Records the horizontal adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined end point. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
(MEI.shared) Horizontal offset attributes requiring a pair of attributes specified in terms of time.
startto(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined start point. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
endto(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined end point. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
(MEI.shared) Output coordinate attributes. Some elements may have their exact rendered *output* coordinates recorded. x and y attributes indicate where to place the rendered output. Recording the coordinates of a feature in a facsimile requires the use of the facs attribute.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
(MEI.gestural) Gestural domain attributes.
(MEI.midi) Attributes that record MIDI tempo information.
midi.bpm(optional)Captures the number of *quarter notes* per minute. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. Value conforms to data.MIDIBPM.
midi.mspb(optional)Records the number of microseconds per *quarter note*. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. At 120 quarter notes per minute, each quarter note will last 500,000 microseconds. Value conforms to data.MIDIMSPB.
(MEI.analytical) Analytical domain attributes.
Facsimile component declarations.
facs(optional)Permits the current element to reference a facsimile surface or image zone which corresponds to it. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
Gestural component declarations.
tstamp.ges(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
tstamp.real(optional)Records the onset time in terms of ISO time. Value conforms to data.ISOTIME.
MIDI component declarations.
midi.bpm(optional)Captures the number of *quarter notes* per minute. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. Value conforms to data.MIDIBPM.
midi.mspb(optional)Records the number of microseconds per *quarter note*. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. At 120 quarter notes per minute, each quarter note will last 500,000 microseconds. Value conforms to data.MIDIMSPB.
Performance component declarations.
when(optional)Indicates the point of occurrence of this feature along a time line. Its value must be the ID of a when element elsewhere in the document. Value conforms to data.URI.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
analog(optional)Contains a reference to a field or element in another descriptive encoding system to which this MEI element is comparable. Value is plain text.
class(optional)Contains one or more URIs which denote classification terms that apply to the entity bearing this attribute. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
copyof(optional)Points to an element of which the current element is a copy. Value conforms to data.URI.
corresp(optional)Used to point to other elements that correspond to this one in a generic fashion. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
endho(optional)Records the horizontal adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined end point. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
endto(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined end point. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
evaluate(optional)Specifies the intended meaning when a participant in a relationship is itself a pointer. Allowed values are: "all" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then the target of that pointer will be taken, and so on, until an element is found which is not a pointer.), "one" (If an element pointed to is itself a pointer, then its target (whether a pointer or not) is taken as the target of this pointer.), "none" (No further evaluation of targets is carried out beyond that needed to find the element(s) specified in plist or target attribute.)
follows(optional)points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be predecessors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
funcRecords the function of a tempo indication. Allowed values are: "continuous" (Marks a gradual change of tempo, such as "accel." or "rit."), "instantaneous" (Represents a static tempo instruction, such as a textual term like "Adagio", a metronome marking like "♩=70", or a combination of text and metronome indication.), "metricmod" (Captures a change in pulse rate (tempo) and/or pulse grouping (subdivision) in an "equation" of the form [tempo before change] = [tempo after change].), "precedente" (Indicates a change in pulse rate (tempo) and/or pulse grouping (subdivision) in an "equation" of the form [tempo after change] = [tempo before change]. The term "precedente" often appears following the "equation" to distinguish this kind of historical usage from the modern metric modulation form.)
ho(optional)Records a horizontal adjustment to a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
label(optional)Captures text to be used to generate a label for the element to which it's attached, a "tool tip" or prefatory text, for example. Should not be used to record document content. Value is plain text.
layer(optional)Identifies the layer to which a feature applies. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
mm(optional)Used to describe tempo in terms of beats (often the meter signature denominator) per minute, ala M.M. (Maezel's Metronome). Do not confuse this attribute with midi.bpm or midi.mspb. In MIDI, a beat is always defined as a quarter note, *not the numerator of the time signature or the metronomic indication*. Value conforms to data.TEMPOVALUE.
mm.dots(optional)Records the number of augmentation dots required by a dotted metronome unit. Value conforms to data.AUGMENTDOT.
mm.unit(optional)Captures the metronomic unit. Value conforms to data.DURATION.
n(optional)Provides a number-like designation that indicates an element's position in a sequence of similar elements. May not contain space characters. Value conforms to data.WORD.
next(optional)Used to point to the next event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
part(optional)Indicates the part in which the current feature should appear. Use '%all' when the feature should occur in every part. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|#[\i][\c]+)" , separated by spaces.
partstaff(optional)Signifies the part staff on which a notated feature occurs. Use '%all' when the feature should occur on every staff. One or more values of datatype a string matching the following regular expression: "(%all|\d+(-\d+)?)" , separated by spaces.
place(optional)Captures the placement of the item with respect to the staff with which it is associated. Value conforms to data.STAFFREL.
plist(optional)When the target attribute is present, plist identifies the active participants; that is, those entities pointed "from", in a relationship with the specified target(s). When the target attribute is not present, it identifies participants in a mutual relationship. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
precedes(optional)Points to one or more events in a user-defined collection that are known to be successors of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
prev(optional)Points to the previous event(s) in a user-defined collection. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
resp(optional)Indicates the agent(s) responsible for some aspect of the text's transcription, editing, or encoding. Its value must point to one or more identifiers declared in the document header. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
sameas(optional)Points to an element that is the same as the current element but is not a literal copy of the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
staff(rec)Signifies the staff on which a notated event occurs or to which a control event applies. Mandatory when applicable. One or more values of datatype positiveInteger, separated by spaces.
startho(optional)Records the horizontal adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined start point. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
startid(optional)Holds a reference to the first element in a sequence of events to which the feature applies. Value conforms to data.URI.
startto(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined start point. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
synch(optional)Points to elements that are synchronous with the current element. One or more values from data.URI, separated by spaces.
to(optional)Records a timestamp adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of musical time; that is, beats. Value conforms to data.TSTAMPOFFSET.
translit(optional)Specifies the transliteration technique used. Value is a NMTOKEN.
tstamp(optional)Encodes the onset time in terms of musical time, i.e., beats[.fractional beat part], as expressed in the written time signature. Value conforms to data.BEAT.
type(optional)Designation which characterizes the element in some sense, using any convenient classification scheme or typology that employs single-token labels. One or more values of datatype NMTOKEN, separated by spaces.
vgrp(optional)Provides a label for members of a vertically aligned group. Value is a positive integer.
vo(optional)Records the vertical adjustment of a feature's programmatically-determined location in terms of staff interline distance; that is, in units of 1/2 the distance between adjacent staff lines. Value conforms to data.MEASUREMENTREL.
x(optional)Encodes an x coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
xml:base(optional)Provides a base URI reference with which applications can resolve relative URI references into absolute URI references. Value conforms to data.URI.
xml:id(optional)Regularizes the naming of an element and thus facilitates building links between it and other resources. Each id attribute within a document must have a unique value. Value is a valid xml:id.
xml:lang(optional)Identifies the language of the element's content. The values for this attribute are language 'tags' as defined in BCP 47. All language tags that make use of private use sub-tags must be documented in a corresponding language element in the MEI header whose id attribute is the same as the language tag's value. Value is a language.
y(optional)Encodes a y coordinate for a feature in an output coordinate system. When it is necessary to record the placement of a feature in a facsimile image, use the facs attribute. Value is a decimal number.
Member of
model.controlEventLikeGroups elements, such as dynamics, ties, phrase marks, pedal marks, etc., which depend upon other events, such as notes or rests, for their existence.
model.workIdentGroups elements that assist in the identification of a work.
Contained by
incipText and symbols descriptive of tempo, mood, or style, e.g., "allarg.", "a tempo", "cantabile", "Moderato", "♩=60", "Moderato ♩ =60").
refrainText and symbols descriptive of tempo, mood, or style, e.g., "allarg.", "a tempo", "cantabile", "Moderato", "♩=60", "Moderato ♩ =60").
verseText and symbols descriptive of tempo, mood, or style, e.g., "allarg.", "a tempo", "cantabile", "Moderato", "♩=60", "Moderato ♩ =60").
voltaText and symbols descriptive of tempo, mood, or style, e.g., "allarg.", "a tempo", "cantabile", "Moderato", "♩=60", "Moderato ♩ =60").
(MEI.header) Groups elements that assist in the identification of a work.
expressionGroups elements that assist in the identification of a work.
workGroups elements that assist in the identification of a work.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements, such as dynamics, ties, phrase marks, pedal marks, etc., which depend upon other events, such as notes or rests, for their existence.
(MEI.cmn) Groups elements that may appear within a CMN measure.
measureGroups elements that may appear within a CMN measure.
(MEI.critapp) Groups elements that may appear as part of a musical variant.
(MEI.critapp) Groups elements that may appear as part of a textual or musical variant.
lemGroups elements that may appear as part of a textual or musical variant.
rdgGroups elements that may appear as part of a textual or musical variant.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements in music notation.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
abbrGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
addGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
corrGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
damageGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
delGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
expanGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
origGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
regGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
restoreGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
sicGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
suppliedGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
unclearGroups elements that may appear as part of editorial and transcription elements.
(MEI.mensural) Groups elements that are components of a staff in the mensural repertoire.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that are components of a staff in the mensural and neume repertoires.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that are components of a staff.
oStaffGroups elements that are components of a staff.
staffGroups elements that are components of a staff.
(MEI.neumes) Groups elements that may appear as part of the content of a syllable.
syllableGroups elements that may appear as part of the content of a syllable.
Common Music Notation (CMN) repertoire component declarations.
measureUnit of musical time consisting of a fixed number of note values of a given type, as determined by the prevailing meter, and delimited in musical notation by bar lines.
oStaff(ossia staff) – A staff that holds an alternative passage which may be played instead of the original material.
Critical apparatus component declarations.
lem(lemma) – Contains the lemma, or base text, of a textual variation.
rdg(reading) – Contains a single reading within a textual variation.
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records) declarations.
expressionIntellectual or artistic realization of a work.
Metadata header component declarations.
workProvides a detailed description of a work — a distinct intellectual or artistic creation — specifically its history, language use, and high-level musical attributes (e.g., key, tempo, meter, medium of performance, and intended duration).
Lyrics component declarations.
refrainRecurring lyrics, especially at the end of each verse or stanza of a poem or song lyrics; a chorus.
verseDivision of a poem or song lyrics, sometimes having a fixed length, meter or rhyme scheme; a stanza.
voltaSung text for a specific iteration of a repeated section of music.
Neume repertoire component declarations.
syllableNeume notation can be thought of as "neumed text". Therefore, the syllable element provides high-level organization in this repertoire.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
incip(incipit) – The opening music and/or words of a musical or textual work.
staffA group of equidistant horizontal lines on which notes are placed in order to represent pitch or a grouping element for individual 'strands' of notes, rests, etc. that may or may not actually be rendered on staff lines; that is, both diastematic and non-diastematic signs.
May Contain
textual content
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements for editorial interventions that may be useful both in transcribing and in authoring processes.
choiceGroups elements for editorial interventions that may be useful both in transcribing and in authoring processes.
substGroups elements for editorial interventions that may be useful both in transcribing and in authoring processes.
(MEI.edittrans) Groups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
addGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
corrGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
damageGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
delGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
gapGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
handShiftGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
origGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
regGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
restoreGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
sicGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
suppliedGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
unclearGroups elements used for editorial transcription of pre-existing source materials.
(MEI.shared) Groups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
dedicateeGroups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
dimensionsGroups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
extentGroups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
segGroups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
symbolGroups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
termGroups textual elements that occur at the level of individual words or phrases. This class is equivalent to the model.textPhraseLike class without the pb element.
(MEI.figtable) Groups elements representing or containing graphic information such as an illustration or figure.
figGroups elements representing or containing graphic information such as an illustration or figure.
(MEI.msDesc) Groups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
catchwordsGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
fingerprintGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
heraldryGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
locusGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
locusGrpGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
secFolioGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
signaturesGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
stampGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
watermarkGroups elements that may appear inline when the msdesc module is active.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements used as part of a physical address.
postBoxGroups elements used as part of a physical address.
postCodeGroups elements used as part of a physical address.
streetGroups elements used as part of a physical address.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements which form part of a geographic name.
blocGroups elements which form part of a geographic name.
countryGroups elements which form part of a geographic name.
districtGroups elements which form part of a geographic name.
geogFeatGroups elements which form part of a geographic name.
regionGroups elements which form part of a geographic name.
settlementGroups elements which form part of a geographic name.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements that serve as stylistic labels.
periodNameGroups elements that serve as stylistic labels.
styleNameGroups elements that serve as stylistic labels.
(MEI.ptrref) Groups elements used for purposes of location and reference.
ptrGroups elements used for purposes of location and reference.
refGroups elements used for purposes of location and reference.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements used to represent a postal address.
addressGroups elements used to represent a postal address.
(MEI.shared) Groups annotation-like elements.
annotGroups annotation-like elements.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements containing a bibliographic description.
biblGroups elements containing a bibliographic description.
biblStructGroups elements containing a bibliographic description.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements containing date expressions.
dateGroups elements containing date expressions.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements which describe a measurement forming part of the physical dimensions of an object.
depthGroups elements which describe a measurement forming part of the physical dimensions of an object.
dimGroups elements which describe a measurement forming part of the physical dimensions of an object.
heightGroups elements which describe a measurement forming part of the physical dimensions of an object.
widthGroups elements which describe a measurement forming part of the physical dimensions of an object.
(MEI.shared) Groups editorial intervention elements.
abbrGroups editorial intervention elements.
expanGroups editorial intervention elements.
(MEI.shared) Groups identifier-like elements.
identifierGroups identifier-like elements.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that function like line beginnings.
lbGroups elements that function like line beginnings.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that represent a measurement.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that denote a number or a quantity.
numGroups elements that denote a number or a quantity.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that contain names.
nameGroups elements that contain names.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups elements which contain names of individuals or corporate bodies.
corpNameGroups elements which contain names of individuals or corporate bodies.
persNameGroups elements which contain names of individuals or corporate bodies.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups place name elements.
(MEI.namesdates) Groups geographic name elements.
geogNameGroups geographic name elements.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that denote a corporate entity that holds a bibliographic item.
repositoryGroups elements that denote a corporate entity that holds a bibliographic item.
(MEI.shared) Collects elements that express a relationship.
relationCollects elements that express a relationship.
relationListCollects elements that express a relationship.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that mark typographical features.
rendGroups elements that mark typographical features.
stackGroups elements that mark typographical features.
(MEI.shared) Groups elements that denote the name of a bibliographic item.
titleGroups elements that denote the name of a bibliographic item.
(MEI.text) Groups elements related to highlighting which can appear at the phrase-level.
qGroups elements related to highlighting which can appear at the phrase-level.
(MEI.usersymbols) Groups elements that function as drawing primitives.
anchoredTextGroups elements that function as drawing primitives.
curveGroups elements that function as drawing primitives.
lineGroups elements that function as drawing primitives.
textual content
Editorial and transcriptional component declarations.
abbr(abbreviation) – A generic element for 1) a shortened form of a word, including an acronym or 2) a shorthand notation.
add(addition) – Marks an addition to the text.
choiceGroups a number of alternative encodings for the same point in a text.
corr(correction) – Contains the correct form of an apparent erroneous passage.
damageContains an area of damage to the physical medium.
del(deletion) – Contains information deleted, marked as deleted, or otherwise indicated as superfluous or spurious in the copy text by an author, scribe, annotator, or corrector.
expan(expansion) – Contains the expansion of an abbreviation.
gapIndicates a point where material has been omitted in a transcription, whether as part of sampling practice or for editorial reasons described in the MEI header.
handShiftMarks the beginning of a passage written in a new hand, or of a change in the scribe, writing style, ink or character of the document hand.
orig(original) – Contains material which is marked as following the original, rather than being normalized or corrected.
reg(regularization) – Contains material which has been regularized or normalized in some sense.
restoreIndicates restoration of material to an earlier state by cancellation of an editorial or authorial marking or instruction.
sicContains apparently incorrect or inaccurate material.
subst(substitution) – Groups transcriptional elements when the combination is to be regarded as a single intervention in the text.
suppliedContains material supplied by the transcriber or editor for any reason.
unclearContains material that cannot be transcribed with certainty because it is illegible or inaudible in the source.
Figures and tables component declarations.
fig(figure) – Groups elements representing or containing graphic information such as an illustration or figure.
Metadata header component declarations.
fingerprintContains a string that uniquely identifies an item, such as those constructed by combining groups of characters transcribed from specified pages of a printed item or a file's checksum.
watermarkContains a description of a watermark or similar device.
Manuscript description component declarations.
catchwordsDescribes the system used to ensure correct ordering of the quires making up an item, typically by means of annotations at the foot of the page.
heraldryContains a heraldic formula or phrase, typically found as part of a blazon, coat of arms, etc.
locusDefines a location within a manuscript or manuscript component, usually as a (possibly discontinuous) sequence of folio references.
locusGrp(locus group) – Groups locations which together form a distinct but discontinuous item within a manuscript or manuscript part, according to a specific foliation.
secFolio(second folio) – Marks the word or words taken from a fixed point in a codex (typically the beginning of the second leaf) in order to provide a unique identifier for the item.
signaturesProvides a description of the leaf or quire signatures found within a codex.
stampContains a word or phrase describing an official mark indicating ownership, genuineness, validity, etc.
Names and dates component declarations.
blocContains the name of a geopolitical unit consisting of two or more nation states or countries.
corpName(corporate name) – Identifies an organization or group of people that acts as a single entity.
countryContains the name of a geopolitical unit, such as a nation, country, colony, or commonwealth, larger than or administratively superior to a region and smaller than a bloc.
districtContains the name of any kind of subdivision of a settlement, such as a parish, ward, or other administrative or geographic unit.
geogFeat(geographical feature name) – Contains a common noun identifying a geographical feature.
geogName(geographic name) – The proper noun designation for a place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction.
periodName(period name) – A label that describes a period of time, such as 'Baroque' or '3rd Style period'.
persName(personal name) – Designation for an individual, including any or all of that individual's forenames, surnames, honorific titles, and added names.
postBox(postal box or post office box) contains a number or other identifier for some postal delivery point other than a street address.
postCode(postal code) contains a numerical or alphanumeric code used as part of a postal address to simplify sorting or delivery of mail.
regionContains the name of an administrative unit such as a state, province, or county, larger than a settlement, but smaller than a country.
settlementContains the name of a settlement such as a city, town, or village identified as a single geopolitical or administrative unit.
streetfull street address including any name or number identifying a building as well as the name of the street or route on which it is located.
styleName(style name) – A label for a characteristic style of writing or performance, such as 'bebop' or 'rock-n-roll'.
Pointer and reference component declarations.
ptr(pointer) – Defines a traversible pointer to another location, using only attributes to describe the destination.
ref(reference) – Defines a traversible reference to another location. May contain text and sub-elements that describe the destination.
Component declarations that are shared between two or more modules.
addressContains a postal address, for example of a publisher, an organization, or an individual.
annot(annotation) – Provides a statement explaining the text or indicating the basis for an assertion.
bibl(bibliographic reference) – Provides a loosely-structured bibliographic citation in which the sub-components may or may not be explicitly marked.
biblStruct(structured bibliographic citation) – Contains a bibliographic citation in which bibliographic sub-elements must appear in a specified order.
dateA string identifying a point in time or the time period between two such points.
dedicateeEntity to whom a creative work is formally offered.
depthDescription of a measurement taken through a three-dimensional object.
dim(dimension) – Any single dimensional specification.
dimensionsInformation about the physical size of an entity; usually includes numerical data.
extentUsed to express size in terms other than physical dimensions, such as number of pages, records, bytes, physical components, etc.
heightDescription of the vertical size of an object.
identifierAn alpha-numeric string that establishes the identity of the described material.
lb(line beginning) – An empty formatting element that forces text to begin on a new line.
nameProper noun or noun phrase.
num(number) – Numeric information in any form.
relationDescribes a relationship or linkage amongst entities.
relationListGathers relation elements.
rend(render) – A formatting element indicating special visual rendering, e.g., bold or italicized, of a text word or phrase.
repositoryInstitution, agency, or individual which holds a bibliographic item.
stack(stacked text) – An inline table with a single column.
symbolA reference to a previously defined symbol.
termKeyword or phrase which describes a resource.
titleTitle of a bibliographic entity.
widthDescription of the horizontal size of an object.
Text component declarations.
q(quoted) – Contains material which is distinguished from the surrounding phrase-level text using quotation marks or a similar method. Use quote for block-level quotations.
seg(arbitrary segment) represents any segmentation of text below the "text component" level.
User-defined symbols component declarations.
anchoredTextContainer for text that is fixed to a particular page location, regardless of changes made to the layout of the measures around it.
curveA curved line that cannot be represented by a more specific element, such as a slur.
lineA visual line that cannot be represented by a more specific; i.e., semantic, element.
Constraints
Only analog, class, label, mm, mm.dots, mm.unit, n, translit, type, xml:base, xml:id, and xml:lang attributes are allowed when tempo is not a descendant of a score or part.
Must have one of the attributes: startid, tstamp, tstamp.ges or tstamp.real.
<sch:rule context="mei:tempo[not(ancestor::mei:score or ancestor::mei:part)]">
<sch:assert test="not(@*[name() != 'analog' and name() != 'class' and name() != 'label' and name() != 'mm' and name() != 'mm.dots' and name() != 'translit' and name() != 'type' and name() != 'mm.unit' and name() != 'n' and name() != 'xml:base' and name() != 'xml:id' and name() != 'xml:lang'])">Only analog, class, label, mm, mm.dots, mm.unit, n, translit, type, xml:base, xml:id, and xml:lang attributes are allowed when tempo is not a descendant of a score or part.</sch:assert>
</sch:rule>
<sch:rule context="mei:tempo[not(ancestor::mei:syllable) and not(ancestor::mei:work) and not(ancestor::mei:expression) and not(count(ancestor::mei:*) = 0)]">
<sch:assert test="@startid or @tstamp or @tstamp.ges or @tstamp.real">Must have one of the attributes: startid, tstamp, tstamp.ges or tstamp.real.</sch:assert>
</sch:rule>
Declaration
<elementSpec ident="tempo" module="MEI.shared">
<desc>Text and symbols descriptive of tempo, mood, or style, e.g., "allarg.", "a tempo", "cantabile", "Moderato", "♩=60", "Moderato ♩ =60").</desc>
<classes>
<memberOf key="att.common"/>
<memberOf key="att.bibl"/>
<memberOf key="att.facsimile"/>
<memberOf key="att.lang"/>
<memberOf key="att.tempo.log"/>
<memberOf key="att.tempo.vis"/>
<memberOf key="att.tempo.ges"/>
<memberOf key="att.tempo.anl"/>
<memberOf key="model.controlEventLike"/>
<memberOf key="model.workIdent"/>
</classes>
<content>
<rng:zeroOrMore>
<rng:choice>
<rng:text/>
<rng:ref name="model.textPhraseLike.limited" />
<rng:ref name="model.graphicPrimitiveLike" />
<rng:ref name="model.editLike" />
<rng:ref name="model.transcriptionLike" />
</rng:choice>
</rng:zeroOrMore>
</content>
<constraintSpec ident="tempo_in_header_disallow_most_attrs" scheme="isoschematron">
<constraint>
<sch:rule context="mei:tempo[not(ancestor::mei:score or ancestor::mei:part)]">
<sch:assert test="not(@*[name() != 'analog' and name() != 'class' and name() != 'label' and name() != 'mm' and name() != 'mm.dots' and name() != 'translit' and name() != 'type' and name() != 'mm.unit' and name() != 'n' and name() != 'xml:base' and name() != 'xml:id' and name() != 'xml:lang'])">Only analog, class, label, mm, mm.dots, mm.unit, n, translit, type, xml:base, xml:id, and xml:lang attributes are allowed when tempo is not a descendant of a score or part.</sch:assert>
</sch:rule>
</constraint>
</constraintSpec>
<constraintSpec ident="tempo_start-type_attributes_required" scheme="isoschematron">
<constraint>
<sch:rule context="mei:tempo[not(ancestor::mei:syllable) and not(ancestor::mei:work) and not(ancestor::mei:expression) and not(count(ancestor::mei:*) = 0)]">
<sch:assert test="@startid or @tstamp or @tstamp.ges or @tstamp.real">Must have one of the attributes: startid, tstamp, tstamp.ges or tstamp.real.</sch:assert>
</sch:rule>
</constraint>
</constraintSpec>
</elementSpec>